BowlingAlone, argues that the United States has undergone an unprecedented collapse in civic, social,
associational, and political life (social capital) since the 1960s, with serious negative consequences.
Lowered trust in areas with high diversity is also associated with:
Lower confidence in local government, local leaders and the local news media.
Lower political efficacy – that is, confidence in one's own influence.
Lower frequency of registering to vote, but more interest and knowledge about politics and more
participation in protest marches and social reform groups.
Higher political advocacy, but lower expectations that it will bring about