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Lecture 2

lecture 2 sept 13, 2012.docx

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University of Guelph
Political Science
POLS 2000
Mark Yanisziewski

Pols*2200 lecture2 Emergence of the Modern State -pre-modern state was in many ways different (was not a simple hiercy, was a jumble) -turning point (thirty years war) -end of war signed treaty of Westphalia Modern State -change in modern era -significant weakening of transcendent powers (HRE and Church) the holy roman empire is only a shadow of itself, cannot effect political events church is weakened by protestan etc. not as nearly as influencial in political respect -the subordinate political actors continue to exsit yet their power is serverly reduced (dukes etc) *before he would have asked the HRE to help him with the dispute if the duke was upset with the king or if it was about religion it would be between king and church. After they lost their “backers” and the kign or whoever was at the top was able to consolidate all their power. The duke would now have to do whatever the king said -there were a whole series of economic and demographic changes that were occurring that were hurting the subnational actors but helping the kings (changes that occurred in the sphere of war itself: at this period of time armies were getting bigger (more people more funding) and military technology was changing at a rapid pace (fire arms and cannons were now starting to come into regurlar use) new technology was expensive, the dukes did not have the resources to compete the only ones who had resources to compete were the national monarchs (kings)) -new ideology called nationalism becomes predominant (before people didn’t think of themselves in terms of their nation ethnicity etc. after people tend to identify themselves with the state) by redusing the power of subordant units all political activity gets focused at the top. People come to belive they owe their primary loyalty to the national monarchs (kings) sense of national idenetity fills the void of the decline of all other powers. The national monarchs engange in nation building (deliberately try to create a sense of nationhood) (kings of French make sure everyone is speaking French (common language common religion) -unintended change -the people that are living in these new nations stop seeing themselves as subjects (property) and begin increasingly to see themselves as citizens with rights -becomes a social contract in these new nation states -people say give their primary loatly to national monarch (king) but the national monarch must act in the intrests of the nation as a whole (not the king himselve) -overtime expectations placed on the monarch grow (not at the same speed or time) -at first there would be people saying we accept the king is out leader and must act in the national intrest and the king must not act in a arbatray and convisious manor (we have rights and expect the rule of law) : rules that will be followed when applying the law -kings must follow the rule of law -demanded civil rights (right to rule of law) -demanded political rights (some say in how the king runs the country)
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