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Nationalism and Dev.docx

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University of Guelph
Political Science
POLS 2080
Adam Sneyd

Is it required to go through and authoritarian time to develop? • Just because it exist, doesn't mean it caused development • In most development countries their was protectionism correlation doesn't mean causation Third World Nationalism: Common Origins • Nationalism was a new phenomenon across the South in the 20th Century • People and peoples generally rejected colonial and imperial bondage not from the standpoint of their families, lineages, kinship groups or ‘tribes’, but from nationalistic perspectives: imperialism created nationalism in its wake • Imperialism forcefully integrated peoples and places into the world capitalist system of nation-states; it challenged people’s senses of self- worth and their dignity - many people re-affirmed their own value and importance through asserting their new nationalities • Pride, resistance and self determination • Success of nationalism doesn't lead to development • Imperialism created conditions for nationalism • Imperialism destroyed social structure, 3rd world nationalist borrowed concepts from west and had hard time recovering to what they were Nationalist versus Revolutionary Programmes • Nationalism occurred almost everywhere across the Third World, while revolution only occurred in particular places • Nationalists sought political rights for all colonized people - they de- emphasized class conflicts and stressed their common position vis-a- vis colonial authorities (it was a powerful unifying ideology) • Revolutionaries, simply put, sought to restructure and fundamentally transform the societies that imperialists had built; some nationalist movements took on revolutionary undertones, but generally were only willing to focus on an external ‘enemy’ and not on local class divisions • Revolutionary movements were distinct of nationalist movements • Nationalist want political right for all colonized people, they didn't like to talk about class conflict - wanted to unite own people against own common oppressive force • Nelson Mandela in 1963 said they wanted african people to win unity and full political rights • Nationalism strength was that it was an ideology capable of uniting oppressed people of drawing them together in opposition of enemy • Nationalist weakness didn't deal well with how oppression was dealt with in their own community Nationalist Identities and Development • One feature shared by nationalist and revolutionary movements was a concern for identity; the issue of identity was especially powerful in Africa - African nationalist movements have been filled with assertions of identity and of self- worth and black consciousness • The negritude movement in French West Africa is a particularly strong example of an African cultural movement that insisted that ‘black’ was beautiful, soulful, creative and expressive • The poet Leopold Senghor was the intellectual lea
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