Class Notes (807,819)
Canada (492,870)
POLS 2300 (142)
Lecture 3

Week 3.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
Political Science
POLS 2300
Tamara Small

POLS 2300: Canadian Government and Politics Week 3: Federalism Federalism - “Political organization in which the activities of government are divided between regional governments and a central government in such a way that each kind of government has some kind of activities on which it makes the final decision” - Division of powers - Powers aren’t equal but the governments are - They are sovereign in particular areas Other States - Unitary: form of government in which the power and authority to govern is centralized in one government, one sovereignty (in a federal government you have two or more), examples: France, UK - Confederation: where the regional or sub-national governments are supreme and the national authority is entirely their creation and servant - Differences: Delegation (refers to authority being transferred from one body to another body, power that the provinces have come solely from the constitution not the federal government) and centralization Continuum of the Degree of Centralization of Authority - Unitary government – 1 level of authority - Centralized Federalism – 2 levels of authority, central government dominates - Decentralized Federalism – 2 levels of authority, regional government dominated - Confederation – 1 level of authority, alliance of co-equal states Confederation 1867 - Canada is not a confederation Features of Federations - At least two orders of government - Constitution, the power has to be listed in the constitution to settle disagreements, constitutions are difficult to change - Regional representation in center - Umpire - Amending formula - Intergovernmental relations Other Canadian Governments - Federalism ONLY deals with the federal government and the provinces - Territories NOT a part of federalism, the power of the territories is delegated by the federal government, the federal government owns all that land - Municipalities NOT a part of federalism - They exist because their powers are delegated by the provincial governments - Orders means EQUAL government, levels means hierarchy Regional Representation in Center - Senate of Canada supposed to represent the sub units, legislative review, represent the regions in the national government - Intrastate federalism (within) – Failure, the number of seats in the HofC are given randomly to every province so it is not very even - Interstate federalism (between) – executive federalism, the provinces and the premiers are the more important voice for the regional issues compared to the senators Umpire - Judicial review - Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) 1867 – 1949 o “breath life into Canadian federalism” - Supreme Court of Canada (created 1857) o Judicial review patriated in 1949 – the Supreme court of Canada became the highest court of appeal Amending Formula - Rigid, don’t change much, can’t change the senate - We’ve never used unamity - 1982 we got an amending formula - The idea that they cant change anything without okaying it Intergovernmental Relations - Process for resolving conflicts within a federation - Problems with judicial review: there are winners and losers, no negotiation - Another way the government can deal with each other to solve disputes o 1. Peak – The first ministers conferences, peak associations, PM and premiers o 2. Ministerial – Members of the cabinet at both levels of government meeting o 3. Official – within the public service - Executive federalism: the interaction of the executives of the federal and provincial governments Quasi-Federalism - Federalism in appearance, but unitary in reality o Disallowance – the power the federal government to disallow any piece of provincial legislation even if it was in the exclusive areas assigned to the province (ex: health care), disallowance exists in the constitution today but it is a convention that we don’t use it anymore o Reservation – To tell someone not to sign off on the law, Lieutenant Governor o Veto/Lieutenant Governor o Residual power – peace, order and good government, when there are matters that are not in section 91 or section 92, they automatically go to section 91 so the federal government can deal with them Classical Federalism - Provinces not subordinate
More Less

Related notes for POLS 2300

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.