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POLS 2300 (152)

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Political Science
POLS 2300
Tamara Small

POLS 2300: Canadian Government and Politics Political Parties – November 7 , 2012 Institutions - State institutions – institution that are related to the constitution - Political institutions – structure democratic expression within states, closely related to citizen behaviour o Want to be IN the state, different from interest groups that just want to affect the state Don’t worry about * - Political Parties and the Representation of Interests - Political parties tend to be the way that we organize getting people into the state Political Parties - Provide interest and represent a part of society - In some cases they represent ideology - An organization that endorses one or more of its members as candidates and supports their election - Seek to form the government and to implement their policies and programs o Roles of political parties as election machines – main vehicle in which elections are organized o During non election times they are meant to create new policies and articulate interest Types of Political Parties - Brokerage Theory – a perspective that maintains that parties do not have clear and coherent ideological programs, and that they act pragmatically in order to appeal to the greatest number of votes at election time, goal to win will shift policies from side to side to do it, catch all parties, national unity, need to have political parties that broker their interests so the country doesn’t fall apart (Liberal) - Programmatic Parties – Parties that articulate distinct, consistent and coherent ideological agendas, social democratic, reform party was a populist party that tried to get power away from elites, green party, environmental party (NDP) Party Systems - A pattern of electoral competition that emerges between two or more parties o Two Party system  1867-1917 – Liberals and Conservatives o Two and a Half Party System  1921-1962 – New parties: CCF/NDP, progressives, Social Credit  1920 election – critical election, patterns prior to this went away, 2 major parties (75%) and 1 smaller party (25%) o Multiparty system with a dominant party  1963-1993 – Liberals  Large party receives about 40% of vote translates into substantial majority  Liberal dominance starts in 84 o Multi-party system without a dominant party  1993-?  PC party and reform party joining  Liberal scandal  Liberal’s still won some elections but they haven’t been in the government since 2004  Party systems are about patterns, its changed dramatically Party Organizations - Caucus o Parliamentary party o Includes members of the house and the members of senate - Extra Parliamentary Organization (exists outside of parliament, organize and run elections, if you join a political party this is where you are) o Party Conventions o Leadership Convention  Finding a new leader - Electoral District Association o Status Caucus - 1867-1920s - Leaders
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