Class Notes (806,939)
Canada (492,535)
POLS 2300 (142)

Week 10.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
Political Science
POLS 2300
Tamara Small

POLS 2300: Canadian Government and Politics Week 10: Interest Groups and Social Movements – November 12, 2012 Interest Groups - An organization that pursue the common interests of groups of people, particularly by trying to influence the making and implementation of public policies o Also called pressure groups or advocacy groups o Tend to focus on non-territorial political cleavages  Don’t focus on territory as much because we have representation by population  Our electoral system is based on territory, we have government to deal with territory  Environmental issues, women issues, children issues, sports is what they tend to deal with Characteristics 1. Formal organization/structure - Not mobs of people 2. Articulation & aggregation - Bringing together ideas, than articulate them in public, and bring support for those demands 3. Persuasion - Seek to peruse government, influence government, desired outcomes 4. Not hold power - Focused on influencing those who have power but don’t want to have power themselves 5. Membership Types of Groups - Business vs. non-business - Business o Represent and promote and industry o Protect their industry from competition of other groups - Institutionalized vs. Issue oriented - Peak vs. Unitary o Peak – members are other groups not individual people, Canadian federation of municipalities o Unitary – individual members, green peace - Special/Self-interest VS. Public o Selective VS. Collective benefits o Special – women, aboriginal, groups that are there to advance the cause of their members – selective benefits – only apply to their members and don’t apply to public as a whole, self regarding (Canadian Medical Association) o Public – committed to interests that go beyond particular members, broad public significance, there benefits benefit all of us – collective benefits – apply to everyone as a whole Examples - Business o Canadian Centre for Ethics and Corporate Responsibility o Canadian Chamber of Commerce o Canadian Council for Public-Private Partnerships o Canadian Council of Chief Executives – John Manly, 100 members - Non-Business - Unions are NOT business groups they are against them o Assembly of First Nations o Canadian Auto Workers o David Suzuki Foundation o Amnesty International o Canadian Cancer Society o Canadian Medical Association o Consumer Association of Canada o Federation of Canadian Municipalities Institutionalized Groups - Well structured groups Issue Oriented - Collective action (protesting) get media attention - Don’t have money or members or resources Special or Public? - Metis National Council – Since 1983, the MNC has represented the Metis Nation nationally and internationally – SPECIAL - David Suzuki Foundation – PUBLIC - Friends of Canadian Broadcasting – dedicated to the preservation and promotion of Canadian culture and identity on radio and television. FRIENDS is not affiliated with any broadcaster or political party – PUBLIC - Mining Association of Canada – SPECIAL – members of the mining industry Types of Interest Group? - The Canadian Taxpayers Federation is a federally incorporated, not-for-profit citizen’s group dedicated to lower taxes, less waste and accountable government. The CTF was founded in Saskatchewan in 1990 when the Association of Saskatchewan Taxpayers and the Resolution One Association of Alberta joined forces to create a national taxpayers organization. Today, the CTF maintains federal office in Ottawa and regional offices in BC, Alberta, Prairie, Ontario, Atlantic. Regional offices conduct research and advocacy activities specific to their provinces in addition to acting as regional organizers of Canada-wide initiatives o Public o Members = citizens = unitary group o Institutionalized = offices that conduct research across country, $ o Non-business group because it doesn’t represent an industry o FINAL EXAM ** multiple choice with a&c or b&c, or given question and asked to take apart and explain on final exam o Go to interest group pages and read about pages to practice Why Do People Join Interest Groups? - Problem: Rational Choice Theory/Free Rider o Maximize their own benefits and happiness o If people are always seeking their own desire they wont join interest groups so they join the free rider problem – other people will do it an ill benefit o People wont join interest groups because they are rational actors and they take time and money so they are likely to become a free rider o Organizations realize this is an issue, they compel unions, make you, no choice because there is a free rider problem (take money from you) - Peer Pressure o People coerced into joining groups (have to) o Works in smaller groups - Selective Benefits o Choose to join group for benefits (putting special name on business card) - Solidary Incentives o Social element, enjoy meetings, food, people you like, friends - Purposive Incentives o Join a group because you want to get something accomplished, a voice to value or causes your are promoting, party is representing what you want, normally think of this as an incentive Influence - Public, Media involved, rally, go to MP’s Trajectories of Influence - Government – Cabinet, MPs, Parliamentary Committees, and/or Public Service) - Going to Cabinet Minister is the best chance at getting something done o 1. Consultation  State sponsored communications and cooperation’s between government and interest groups  Consultation and process  State to the individual and than the group participates, and than the government may react  A
More Less

Related notes for POLS 2300

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.