Class Notes (839,195)
Canada (511,223)
POLS 2300 (152)


3 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POLS 2300
Nanita Mohan

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Unit 6 Notes- Political parties - For last 50 years, parties with most dispute was Liberal and Conservative Parties - Progressive Party- farmer friendly - Co-Operative commonwealth federation Party (CCF)- labour friendly - CCF became NDP - Due to a number of factors including the decline in Canadians' confidence in the traditional parties, the three-party system broke in the 1993 federal election, opening up to a multi-party system. - Two new parties, the Reform Party and the Bloc Quebecois, won more seats than both the NDP and the Progressive Conservatives - Canada’s party system is the brokerage system: parties attempt to forge a series of alliances with certain societal interests (farmers, unions, seniors, business. youth, etc.) in the hopes of forming a government. - Conservatives have struggled to win seats in Quebec and since Pierre Trudeau, the Liberal Party has had difficulty winning seats in the West - The Reform/Canadian Alliance Party was a predominantly western party Loose Fish - Very little party discipline - Shifting coalitions - English- and French-speaking based parties Pre-World War I - Liberals and Conservative winning 95% of the vote - Dominated by Macdonald (Conservatives) and Laurier (Liberal) - French support moves to Liberals Two and a half party system - Progressive party representing farmers emerges in the 1920s - Regional protests emerge - Social Credit founded in Alberta Three party system - Co-operative Commonwealth Federation established in 1932 - Transforms into New Democratic Party - NDP wins 31 seats in 1972 Multi-party system - Breakdown of Mulroney coalition - Product of failed constitutional reform and decline of deference to traditional parties - Success of Reform Party (West) and Bloc Quebecois (Quebec) Post-merger system - Unite the right produces Conservative Party - Green Party splits votes on the left - Liberals dominate urban ridings Unit 7 First Past the Post (Single Member Plurality) - Current system used in all provinces and federally - In every electoral district, the candidate with the most votes wins a seat - An absolute majority of votes in an electoral district is not needed - Rewards parties with concentrated support, punishes parties with support spread over electoral districts Proportional Representation (Mixed Member Proportional Voting) - An attempt to combine a singl
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