September 13, 2013 – POLS3300
- general confidence is important for two reasons
o legitimizes the criminal justice system
o system’s operationalization itself
witness – willing to be a witness against the mob ward if the
CJS won’t protect you?
System relies on the confidence of citizens!
- Police have highest confidence in Canada
o Almost half have high and moderate confidence!
- Parole officials
o Less than 10 percent have ‘high confidence’ in them!
- RCMP has very high confidence, next to: local police, supreme court,
- Nurses, doctors, teachers, police, non-profit volunteers, judges, prosecutors,
etc. – confidence order that citizens have of occupations
- Politicians are in the bottom of this list of trusted/confident-in these
- People have confidence police can prevent and solve crime
- Court is good at determining guilt, but not imposing a sentence
- Corrections are good at preventing escape but not so good at rehabilitzing
- These stats are all from citizens point of view
Governing Criminal Justice
o rule of law (fundamental fairness is another way of phrasing)
Made up of humans 0 humans will make mistakes – have to
realize that – only way to deal with error is to found
accountability –address error and that poor decisions have
consequences for actors
- Major theme: INDEPENDENCE vs. ACCOUNTABILITY
- a virtue for criminal justice – independent decision-makers can check each
o police. Then the crowns got to check. Then the Judge can check. Then
goes to corrections. Then corrections decide on whether you can have
an early release. Etc. etc.
Policy Actors in Context
- crime as a political issue…
o policy context is defined by September 13, 2013 – POLS3300
statistics – general trends
how many offenders get rehabilitated
spectacular – crimes which capture attention (public/media)
gets everyone’s attention
o tensions between statistics/spectacular but also between crime
control/due process and over values in general