Class Notes (839,109)
Canada (511,191)
POLS 3470 (45)
Tim Mau (45)
Lecture 5

POLS 3470 - Week 5

7 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 3470
Professor
Tim Mau

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Description
National Policy September 30, 2013 Policy protectionism Sir john A’s appealed to Canadians at the time Based on three pillars, tariffs; railways and immigration Tariffs: to compete with cheaper imports coming in from the US or the UK Canadian state from coast to coast Immigration: outlets for those manufactured products, get immigrants to settle the west Higher costs for consumers Consumers are ultimately paying more Unequal benefits Historic alienation that we see in Western Canada, national energy policy – Ottawa is there for the benefit of central Canada not to westerns Lower real incomes Branch-plant economy In order to avoid tariffs, gradually decided to own and set up their own manufacturing companies A lot of Canadian companies have been sold off in recent years, some of our personal successful firms are making foreign investments elsewhere Canadian Industrial Structure October 2, 2013 National industrial structure – pattern of production and distribution of goods and services in a given area; includes main characteristics and cleavages in network of economic activity Several relevant aspects: Balance between different sectors Agriculture, manufacturing Tertiary sector, public administration – all other services that are involved Regional economic divisions Manufacturing mainly based in Ontario and Quebec Atlantic Canada, high unemployment due to the seasonal employment of the fisheries Level of foreign ownership Degree of corporate concentration Monopoly or a number of players in the field Many Canadian institutions would be considered as oligarchies Structure – stable, but not static Molson, Labatt and Sleeman are all now foreign owned Bombardier based out of Montreal Predominance of manufacturing in Ontario has been underminded in the recent decade and now the province is grappling to find jobs Impact of structure/structural change Severe economic dislocation, the reality is that you cannot be competitive when it comes to wages when you can move manufacturing elsewhere Government will try in many cases to intervene with several economic groups McGuinty government has been reluctant to give up on the manufacturing sector of the province and move to “green manufacturing” Regional division of business activity, has resulted in some very specific policies at both federal and provincial levels Resource extraction, governments have tried to provide more jobs in other provinces to avoid the dependency of the resource based industries Atlantic Canada population moving more westward for economic opportunities Economic structure Nature of the industrial structure makes some economic things more feasible than others Constraints on foreign policy Three broad industrial sectors Primary Logging and oil Secondary Wide range of industries concerned with the processing of our primary natural resources Tertiary Industries that are not involved in the extraction or manufacture of tangible products, more concerned with the distribution of these products as well as almost anything else within the industry Concerns regarding sector balance Referred to a resource hinterland, rely a lot on the extraction and use of the country’s natural resource Could hardly be called an industrial country The evidence suggests that the distribution of the economic activity in our country shows that it is not as bad as presumed 1980’s 71% of Canadians employed in tertiary sector, by 2001 the percentage changed to 76%, in 2011 the single larger element of employment was the retailing industry was 12%; second largest was healthcare and social assistance with 11.4% Canada – not all that different from other industrialized countries Tend to have a marginally manufacturing sector and smaller tertiary sector compared to the G7 group of nations But distinct regional variations Basically a throw away society Growth in the tertiary sector is that many of these jobs are part time jobs and low paying jobs Hospitality industry, retail – part time labour and lower wages create a troubling trend towards decreased standard of living Atlantic provinces Economic backwater – lower per capita income relative tor est of the country, also been burden with extremely high levels of unemployment 12.7% in Newfoundland 11.7 PEI 10.4 New Brunswick 9.7 Nova Scotia Forestry, mining, fishing – resources extraction that’s characteristic of the region Structural shifts, premier of Newfoundland in order to develop the hedron oil field Quebec Relatively high standard of living Less hard hit manufacturing industry than Ontario Lower personal incomes, higher rates of unemployment QC 7.6% - 8% ON Sunset industries, lab
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