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POLS 3490 October 31 2013.docx

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Political Science
POLS 3490
Ian Spears

POLS 3490 October 31 2013 POLS 3490, October 31 2013, Conflict and Conflict Resolution Democracy as a Balm (Bomb?) for Peace Questions on Democracy and Violence (same questions stated differently [almost]) 1) Is democracy (or lack thereof) a source of conflict? a. Do people fight war because there is no democracy? 2) Is democracy a source of peace? a. If a country has elections is there peace? 3) If democracy is a source of peace or an effective form of conflict management, is it possible for outsiders to bring democracy to post- conflict states Marina Ottaway on Democracy - It is generally accepted —it is “axiomatic”— that democracy is the only “acceptable” form of government. Something that is “axiomatic” is a self evident or widely accepted principle - “Well- established, mature democratic political systems are usually successful in handling the normal divisions and conflicting interests of a stable society by fostering compromise rather than confrontation.” Democracy and Peace “Democracy is the worst form of government except all the others that have been tried” In a democratic country, there is less need to resort to force when points of view can be expressed through a democratic vote, through a free press. Why resort to violence when political objectives can be met through negotiation, compromises and other peaceful means? Paul Collier on Democracy… Collier says that “full democratic rights are an effective means of reducing the risk of conflict, and…
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