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POLS 3490 November 12 2013 Conflict and Conflict Resolution.docx

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Political Science
POLS 3490
Ian Spears

POLS 3490 November 12 2013 POLS 3490 November 12 2013 Conflict and Conflict Resolution Conflict Management by Way of Diversity or Nation States The Realist View of State Formation - Stability in contemporary Europe is not due to “international law” or “Transnational institutions”, or the “web” of interconnections between peoples — all things that liberals like to talk about. - Rather he says, “Europe stability during the Cold War era was in fact due partly to the widespread fulfillment of the ethnonationalist project. th Q day on the 19 of November 2013 For liberals there is natural harmony between people For realists there an be multi ethnic states but its not due to natural harmony this harmony is established through deep governmental institutions The Liberal View of State Formation - According to Tony Judt, the modern world is one: “where nations and peoples increasingly intermingle and intermarry at will; where cultural and national impediments to communication have all but collapsed; where more and more of us have multiple elective identities and would feel falsely constrained if we had to answer to just one of them.” Liberal view is opposite to realists - See things the other way around - You have to start with peaceful mechanisms o If you don’t start with democratic institutions you are bound to have conflict o Conflict is what happens when there are no democratic institutions. They are advocates of democracy. o Israel the alternative: by Tony Judt, very controversial  He doesn’t deny that there are empires and they broke down to ethnic states  Pols, Armenians etc. o That world no longer exists  The modern world is that of “intermingle and intermarry at will.” o Open frontiers and international laws - In another section of the paper Judt writes that this new world is a “world of individual rights, open frontiers, and international law” - Eth
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