POLS 3490 November 12 2013
POLS 3490 November 12 2013 Conflict and Conflict Resolution
Conflict Management by Way of Diversity or Nation States
The Realist View of State Formation
- Stability in contemporary Europe is not due to “international law” or
“Transnational institutions”, or the “web” of interconnections between
peoples — all things that liberals like to talk about.
- Rather he says, “Europe stability during the Cold War era was in fact due
partly to the widespread fulfillment of the ethnonationalist project.
Q day on the 19 of November 2013
For liberals there is natural harmony between people
For realists there an be multi ethnic states but its not due to natural harmony this
harmony is established through deep governmental institutions
The Liberal View of State Formation
- According to Tony Judt, the modern world is one: “where nations and
peoples increasingly intermingle and intermarry at will; where cultural and
national impediments to communication have all but collapsed; where more
and more of us have multiple elective identities and would feel falsely
constrained if we had to answer to just one of them.”
Liberal view is opposite to realists
- See things the other way around
- You have to start with peaceful mechanisms
o If you don’t start with democratic institutions you are bound to have
o Conflict is what happens when there are no democratic institutions.
They are advocates of democracy.
o Israel the alternative: by Tony Judt, very controversial
He doesn’t deny that there are empires and they broke down to
Pols, Armenians etc.
o That world no longer exists
The modern world is that of “intermingle and
intermarry at will.”
o Open frontiers and international laws
- In another section of the paper Judt writes that this new world is a “world of
individual rights, open frontiers, and international law”