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Political Science
POLS 3710
Jordi Diez

Sept 26 Foucault’s history of sexuality - the rejection of the ‘repressive hypothesis’ - the proliferation of discourses meant the creation and regulation of sexualities - his definition of power - the history of sexuality as a history of discourses about sexuality 1970s - the perverse implantation - the 4 strategic unities - criticisms - traditional understandings of sexuality were dominated by essentialist thinkers - sexuality a natural impulse we’re born with - structuralism - constructivism - distribution of power relates directly to regulations of sexuality th - primary question: how is tat within Western civilization since - 18 century – sexuality a central part of being and a site where “truth of being is to be found” - what is it? What has changed in last 150 years that its become so important that is defines who we are? - site of our being is to be found preliminary points - one of the most influential accounts - sexuality a dominant feature in life that’s be suppressed in western society since 17 century – by speech and writing - Galvantization of the field - argument that it is key to understanding contemporary developments - sexuality there, but repressed - 1960s – sexual freedom - suggests that everything from 19 century onwards shows the country thrust of his argument - primarily interested in uncovering why is it that in the West sexuality has become a central part of our being - sexuality not a natural feature, it is a constructive category of an experience - spiritual, cultural, constructed - created and regulated - at the core of his work is the rejection of the ‘repressive hypothesis’ - the proliferation of discourse of sexuality is itself the history of sexuality - important to know his conception of power - conceptions of power - power is oppressent and relational - in relation to somebody else - power flows through society in subtle ways - sometimes rests in nods/concentration - sometimes rest with the state – police, judiciary - flow in and out of state – not limited to state Sept 26 - not solely reside in state, not unitary - class structures - more to it than class analysis - power is best understood as a web of relationships which it flows and in turn sustains power - sometimes subtle, sometimes not - sexuality – 17 century age of repression, onset of Victorian regime in England - regulation is consistent with regulation of power - censorship discourse as central to the propagation of power - it is discourse that establishes understandings of sexuality which channels power and domination - the medical establishment is key to this process - ‘power-knowledge’: the way in which power operates through the construction of particular knowledges - idea to articulate/talk separate what’s good and what’s bad - confession (religion) separate what good/bad, priest has power over you – gets you talking about it - England – forced to register a medical exam – power over someone, controlling sexuality - need to exercise power in order to regulate - channel power and domination - supposed to be self-disciplined - discourse becomes central - discourse supported by – political, economic, medical and technical - 19 century - medicalization of sexuality important – site of power - form of analysis, classification, specification - prominent role in national discourse - policing of sex – necessity of regulation - interested in power knowledge – how power operates through the construction of particular knowledge - literate - knowledge allows you to exercise power and vise versa - relationship between symbol and symbolized - creates subjects - homosexual – didn’t exist before - becomes a subject, deviant - word being described – an exercise of power - describes and creates - history of sexuality is a history of the discourses of sexuality - sole purpose of controlling individuals (regulating sexuality) - Victorian England – beginning of explosion - population control – important political and economic issue - colonization - had to control the people, expressing power Sept 26 - in addition to policy – more subtle changes to efforts achieved by controlling people’s desire and sexual behavior - state intervention through discourse the perverse implantation - up until 18 century, 3 major codes governed sexual practices 1) canonical 2) Christian-pastoral 3)civil law - bourgeoisie - the discursive explosion caused 2 modifications: 1) a centrifugal movement with respects to h
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