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Lecture 23

POLS 1150 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Notoav, Mixed-Member Proportional Representation, Single Transferable Vote

Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1150
Kate Puddister

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Electoral Reform in Canada
Byron Sheldrick
Full PR List system: eliminates constituencies
AV/STV: Maintains constituencies. Requires majority outcomes, but doesn’t achieve full
MMP (mixed member proportionality): Combines list and constituency systems. Uses
lists to offset disproportionality caused by FPTP in constituencies
How to do it?
How do you change an entire system of voting?
oNeed for citizens to accept the results of elections conducted under the new
oNeed for citizen buy-in to the process
Big Issues: legitimacy of process and outcome
oCurrent system has great legitimacy:
Historical (used to it)
People understand it (it is relatively)
People haven’t experienced alternatives
Previous attempts
oThere have been several attempts to introduce electoral reform at the provincial
level in Canada
BC – 2005 and 2009
Ontario – 2007
PEI – 2005
British Columbia
Impetus for electoral reform after a series of skewed electoral results
1996: NDP won a majority government with %39.5 of popular vote and 39 seats
Liberals – came second with 41.8% of the vote and 33 seats
2001: Liberals won 77 of 79 seats with 57% of vote
Gordon Campbell’s Liberal government campaigned on a promise of electoral reform
Established a Citizen’s Assembly to conduct hearings and make recommendations
Recommended Single Transferable Vote (AV)
BC Referendum Results
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