POLS 1500 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Perennial Philosophy, Primordialism, Social Identity Theory

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September 16th
State:
Nation:
Primordialism (Nation First)
Nations are ancient and natural elements of the human environment
National identity is based on deep ties
Symbols and traditions
Pre-given, organic character
“A nation is a soul, a spiritual principle…” (Renan)
Perennialism (Nation First)
Modernism (State First)
“Nationalism is a distinctive species of patriotism, and one which becomes dominant only under
certain condition which in fact precial in the modern world, and nowhere else.” (Gellner)
Shift from agrarian to industrial society
Centralised economy
Taxation
Imperial conquests
State education
High Culture
Imagined Community (State first)
Benedict Anderson- A nation is imagined by the people within it
Decline of religion (nation replaces the spiritual community)
Rise of print-capitalism
Books and newspapers
Common language and culture
Common history
“Creole States” in the New World: New world colonies that shared a language and decent with
those against whom the fought
Social Identity Theory
A social group is a set of individuals who hold a common social identification or view themselves
as member of the same social category
States + Nations = Nation-states (national, bi-national, or multinational)
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