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Lecture

POLS 2200 Lecture Notes - Ethnocentrism, Dependency Theory, Class Conflict


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 2200
Professor
Mark Yanisziewski

Page:
of 6
international relations 11/8/2012 11:40:00 AM
Marx and engels.
Imperial conquests,
Use extra money to buy off people
Empire =capitalist get labour peace at home. By giving them slightly higher
wages to not cause trouble
Lenin, these pay offs help explain begin of ww1
Marx had suggested in a big war, workers would refuse to participate
because they feel solidatary to worker brother and siblings
At the start of ww1, the people workers were nationalists, rallied to their
nation
Because they had been bought off ny the capitalists.
Is unsustainable in long end, because they keep having to conquer different
parts of the world, so eventually it would be a global revolution
Marx engels thought revolution would start in most capitalist advanced
But lenin said no Russia is a good place, because they aren’t being bought
off
Imperials ----- plunder
------ exploit surplus goods
----- capilitist exploit by export of capital
John A. Hobson
Fabian Soc.
Using money to build damns and what not, want to take advantage of cheap
labour, and is another idea of division of labour.
Marx, engels Lenin
1) Monocausal-
one cause for everything, class struggle- economocis capit
yes sometimes terroties are conquered because they want money
but mostly its motivated by warrior culture,
to spread religious values
British conquered places that was money loosers, but they had ports, and
contributed to britains security,
Also the genuinely believed at the they were bringing the people
civilazition
2) ethnocentric all of the parts of the world following one single grand
trajectory, of the west. The industurially more developed ocompany
shows the lessor developed one a mirror image of it self
everyone in the world is on one path, and capitalisme
BUT
We don’t all have to follow the same path to the future
Not only there are different paths but we are also not going to the same
future.
Dependency Theory
was the hot theory to go around, controversial. Less of an influence today,
but can see it once in awhile
must talk about Marxist development
universal and enitable for whole world to unfold along single path.
Walter rostuw (liberal view of development) (1916-2003)
Modernazation theory
The stages of economic growth,
Trying to explain fdifferences in countries
Said people have been at different stages at different ppoints
Ways to help nations progress, to help them to catch up
Every society goes through 5 stages
Traditional society
1)Agriculturely oriented,
resources and time oriented to agriculture, low yield production, not that
much profit in it. Political economic power concentrated in few people,
“king”. world would be very small, family and clan connections. pre industrial
society where everyone starts. Hard to imagine things could be different.
2) preconditions for take off.
Traditional society changing. Education teaching the people, opening eyes to
the possibility of change, like entruneoer , better farming techniques, very
first steps in industrial. Some cultures can embrace change better then
others
3) take off stage.
New political changes, technological development, industrial government
4) Drive to maturity
Fasster then population growing 40 year period.
5) the age of mass consumption
economy is so productive the ppl living there, enjoy the luxuries ,some
countries have reached this level,
use model to help countries evolve, that are stuck. Don’t have factors to
help move along,
Dependency Theory
A .G Frank 1927-2005
Believed marx and rostuw were wrong
Capitalism not necessary evil.
Not a desirable thing.
Capitalism was a bad thing for developing world.
Underdevelopment. not undeveloped
And area that has been touched by capitalism and is worse off then it was
before,
Frank was zero sum
Capilist can onlyget rich by making 3rd world poorer.
“capitalism + Underdevelopment in latin america”
metropolis
some people local to and loyal