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Lecture 15

POLS 2200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Kenneth Waltz, Joseph Nye, Terrorist Threats


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 2200
Professor
Cindy Clarke
Lecture
15

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POLS2200
Neo-Realism Continued: Terrorism, Waltz and Meirscheimer
-Neo-Classical realism brings together the belief in the importance of the
international state system and the relative power of states with a belief in the
importance of state with a belief in the importance of statecraft/leadership and
foreign policy.
-Foreign policy takes place within the confined of the international system
-So they maintain the moral responsibility of statecraft (Classical realism)
-They argue that the international system gives room for statecraft
-The relative distribution of power sets parameters; it is not deterministic
Neo-Classical Realism
Joseph Nye and Liberal Realism or Progressive Realism
-While sharing some of the concerns of neo-realists, Nye is critical of neo-realism
and bridges classical realism and its main contender, liberalism
-(e labels himself a liberal realist
-What concept did he contribute to the study of IR?
-Nye is most commonly associated with his concept of soft power
-Nye adds an ideational aspect to realism arguing that the power of a status has hard
and soft components
What does he mean by soft power?
-Hard components are the economic and military aspects of power
-Soft components comprise the cultural dimensions or the values that define the
identity and practices of a state
-Soft power can attract people to your international agenda
- i.g influence of Hollywood. Unthreatening, more acceptable to American form
policy.
Nye: Balance of Power and Hegemony
-(ow does Nye’s conception of power challenge the realist and neo-realist
understandings of balance of power and hegemony?
-Nye focuses less on military power and formal alliance
-He focuses on informal institutional collaboration and ad hoc cooperation among
states for the purposes of joint security against a foreign threat.
-So he enlarges the concept or balance of power to include arrangements that are
military unimportant
-He also greatly expands the notion of hegemon
Realism and its Critics:
What are some of the Strengths and Weaknesses of Realism?
-most dominant
-catches an essence between states
-overly simplistic
weaknesses:
-terrorism, will fight like state but need states to respond
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