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Lecture 4

POLS 2200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Neoclassical Realism, Kenneth Waltz, Nuclear Umbrella

Political Science
Course Code
POLS 2200
Janine Clark

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POLS 2200 International Relations
Tuesday September 27
LECTURE FOUR Neo-Realism Continued
Neo-Classical Realism
-neo-classical realism brings together the belief in the importance of the international
state system and the relative power of states with a belief in the importance of
statecraft/leadership and foreign policy
-foreign policy takes place within the confines of the international system
-so they maintain the moral responsibility of statecraft
-they argue that the international system gives room for statecraft
Joseph Nye and Liberal Realism or Progressive Realism
-while sharing some of the concerns of neo-realists, Nye is critical of neo-realism and
bridges classical realism and its main contender, liberalism
-he labels himself a liberal realist
-what concept did he contribute to the study of IR?
-Nye is most commonly associated with his concept of soft power
-Nye adds an ideational aspect to realism arguing that the power of a state has hard
and soft components
What does he mean by soft power?
-hard components are the economic and military aspects of power
-soft components comprise the cultural dimensions or the values that define the identity
and practices of a state
-soft power can attract people to your international agendas
-soft power examples: aid workers to countries who need it; opinion section of the Globe
and Mail-China talks about Canada;
Nye: Balance of Power and Hegemony
-how does Nye’s conception of power challenge the realist and neorealist understanding
of balance of power and hegemony?
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