POLS 2250 Lecture Notes - Homeostasis

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January 28, 2013 POLS2250 T. Mau
Systems Theory
- dominant and organization theory in the 1960s
- Daniel Katz and Robert Kahn concept of the ‘open’ system [vs. closed
system]
- Focus is on the external environment of the organization
- System “an organized collection of parts united by prescribed interactions
and designed for the accomplishment of specific goals”
Kats and Kahn’s Open System
- 9 common characteristics
o importation of energy
input people, human resources, financial resources, raw
materials as needed
o throughput
creating new product, creating new public policy, training
people
o output
new road, new bridge, service the state is ultimately providing
o cycle of events
o negative entropy
o information input, negative feedback, coding
o steady state, dynamic homeostasis
o differentiation
o equifinality
Organizing to Govern
- governments have many options at their disposal
- design options
o organization structure department, crown corporation, regulatory
agency, separate agency, special operating agency
o accountability relationships
o personnel
o fiscal resources
o support services
o operational plan
- complex undertaking
- structure of government is confusing 42 different labels
- line/operating department most common
Government Departments
- most stringent accountability
o minister political head
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Document Summary

January 28, 2013 pols2250 t. mau. Dominant and organization theory in the 1960s. Daniel katz and robert kahn concept of the open" system [vs. closed system] Focus is on the external environment of the organization. System an organized collection of parts united by prescribed interactions and designed for the accomplishment of specific goals . 9 common characteristics importation of energy input people, human resources, financial resources, raw materials as needed: throughput. Creating new product, creating new public policy, training people: output. New road, new bridge, service the state is ultimately providing information input, negative feedback, coding: cycle of events, negative entropy, steady state, dynamic homeostasis, differentiation, equifinality. Governments have many options at their disposal.

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