POLS 2300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Visible Minority, Co-Operative Economics, Responsible Government

29 views9 pages
POLS2300 Quiz 4 Readings
Chapter 8: Parliament
The general functions of parliament
- Representation= members of parliament can voice the concerns and promote the interests of
their constituents
- Conferring legitimacy=we feel obligated to follow rules that are legitimately made/ fairly
considered and duly passed
- Scrutiny= members of parliament examine the proposals and actions of the executive
- Recruitment= the prime minster chooses the cabinet from among the governing party’s
members of parliament
- Law making= although the government presents most legislative proposals to parliament,
members of parliament can play a role in law making by carefully examining legislative
proposals and developing modifications to improve the proposals
- Financing government= all bills for the raising and spending of public monies (which have to be
recommended by cabinet) must originate in the house of commons and must be approved in
both houses
- Political education= parliament raises and debates issues, and informs the public, using such
instruments as question period, committee hearings and reports, and budget debates
- Accountability= the government is obligated to submit its program to parliament, defend it, and
resign if the house of commons lacks confidence in it
What does the Canadian parliament consist of?
1. House of commons- members of parliament elected based on the electoral districts
2. Senate- appointed on the recommendation of the prime minister, there until 75
3. The queen- does not participate in the deliberations of the two houses of parliament
How can Canadian parliament be described as?
- Bi-cameral legislature- means it has two chambers
British roots:
- British parliament is called the “mother of parliaments” because of its age, having started in the
13th century
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
- Althing= first legislature, 930, one-house arrangement, met in Iceland
- Witan or witangemot= “the assembly of the wise”, the council of the anglo-saxon kings
- British parliament model however has proved to be the most exportable and flexible of the early
models- thus serves as the primary example in literature of parliamentary governments
- There are three parts to parliament because over time three estates- the crown, the nobility,
and the common people- vied for power
- The evolution of parliament can be traced to the rise and fall of each estate
- In British history power has been passed from the crown, to lords, to the common people, to the
executive
- Norman conquest= 1066, the king was the holder of all the land
- William the conqueror= in 1086 exacted an oath of allegiance from all landholders, thus
solidifying his authority
- Henry II= 1154-1189, the advisers of the King became a formal private council (cura regis,
otherwise known as the Great Council) to the King
- The lords became the intermediaries between the king and the nation, the lords would be
assembled to grant monies to the king for wars and other emergencies (besides this he would
be expected to finance regular expenditures from his own revenue)
- Magna carta= issued during King John’s reign (1199-1216), which was the origin of statute law
and the rule of law
- As the financing needs of the monarch became more pressing, the meetings of the great council
became more inclusive (in 1254 2 knights from every shire attended, and in 1265 local leaders
from each city and borough were present as well as the knights)
- The knights and local leaders represented the communes of the commons
- This event was the origin of the two houses of parliament
- Commons was not invited to every such meeting – but by the 16th century a permanent meeting
place had been appointed
- 1275= what might be called the 1st modern parliament
- Etc.
- Hostility toward to prerogative power sparked conflict and civil war in the mid-seventeenth
century
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
- Glorious revolution= the series of events that led to the removal of James II from the throne in
1688, his replacement by William and Mary, and their acceptance of the Bill of Rights, 1689
- Bill of Rights 1689= the bill that followed the glorious revolution of 1688, which added
protections for parliamentary free speech, regular sessions, and other protections, and is
generally regarded as the stage of British history when the crown accepted the supremacy of
parliament
- Financial power of the crown and parliament, golden age, and parliament acts= page 200
The evolution of parliament in Canada
- 1840= the act of union established an elected legislative assembly for the united province of
Canada
- 1848= increase in parliamentary influence did not come until after now, this was when
responsible government was adopted
- Etc.
- Page 200
Canadian and American Legislatures: A study in Contrast
- Both have bicameral legislatures
- Both countries the upper house is called the Senate, however the American senate is elected
(with 2 senators from each state) while the Canadian senate is appointed on the
recommendation of the prime minister
- The U.S senate is much more powerful than the Canadian senate
- Committees are much more influential and independent in the American system
- The executive and the legislature are constitutionally separate in the U.S, whereas in Canada the
executive and the legislature are connected
- The American president is elected by the people and holds office for 4 years whether or not
congress supports the president’s policies
- Policy developed in congress in the American system
- Party discipline not as tight in congress as it is in Canadian parliament
- Legislation is overall easier to pass in parliament than in congress
The House of Commons
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class