POLS 3000 Lecture Notes - Allister Sparks, Yoweri Museveni, Jan Van Riebeeck

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25 Jan 2013
Week 9 Politics in Africa
Uganda: The Bio
It has a population of about 35 million ppl
It achieved its independence in 1962
In the first two decades of independence it was ruled by two principal
leaders, Milton Obote and Idi Amin
Since 1986, Uganda has been ruled by Yoweri Museveni
Nelson Kasfir on democracy in Uganda
“It would be wrong to conclude…that Uganda is merely a dictatorship with an
attractive but misleading façade. In fact, the country is much more
democratic today than it was before the National resistance movement took
power” be said to be more democratic than Uganda, though the former has
27 parties and the latter has none
Few in either country would dispute president museveni’s contentions of
superiority of no party democracy…indeed, most would probably agree that
Kenya can handle
Uganda’s Conception of Democracy
1. Popular democracy
2. Parliamentary democracy
3. A decent standard of living
Can African states as they are currently constructed ever be truly democratic?
Apartheid and the legacy of white rule
Africaner’s (white) see themselves as hard front end men and women who
have carved out an existence in an extremely hostile land that not only the
people but also the land
Saw themselves as an oppressed people
Were religious ppl
Equated their own existence with the biblical Isrealites
Mandaite from god to treat mostly blacks as slaves
Became most powerful political force in south Africa until Nelson’s release
Dutch seafarer Jan van Riebeeck arrives at Table Mountain in 1652
Most of the people never returned to Europe
Thought less of themselves as Europeans
Rivonia trail April 20 1964
“During my life time I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African
people. I have fought against white domination, and I have found against
black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society
in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.
It is an ideal, which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an
ideal for which I am prepared to die”—Nelson Mandela
Stephen Biko- leader of Africa’s Black consciousness movement
died because of the beat received by South Africa police
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