Its very linear and structured when life isn"t always like that. Other factors intervene and things don"t always go in that order. Employment youth policies implemented after the 2008 recession (ongoing recession for youth) Most policies involve a series of decisions related to the area: never talking about one specific policy, always a field of policies. Public engagement- policies on how the public can be involved in policy making: we see policy making on both the federal, provincial, and municipal levels. Strategies: thought of as recommendations and guidelines (not binding on governments) Public policy: anything a government chooses to do or not to do: primarily talking about decisions governments make (conscious decisions, youth plans are gender neutral, only hold specifications on aboriginal youth. Jenkins: policy decisions are dynamic (they can continue to change) Siu: policy decisions we make are focused on issues that have significant impacts for people: social impacts, culture impacts etc.