PSYC 1000 Lecture 8: Psych 1000 Lecture 8 -Learning-

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Process of acquiring new and relatively enduring information or behaviours. Learning to associate ones behaviour to consequences: operant conditioning. Learning to repeat actions to obtain rewards or avoid punishment ex. Accidently discovered classical conditioning in dogs salivary response: foundational work in behaviourism. Unconditioned stimulus (doesn"t have to learn that, it automatically triggers the saliva response): dog sees food. Unconditioned response: dog salivates just before showing the food, ring the bell causing the dog to realize that the sound of the bell means food. Conditioned stimulus: dog sees bell and correlates it with food. If you ring the bell alone the dog will not have a conditioned stimulus. John b. watson: applied classical conditioning to humans, with raynor conditioned baby to associate white rats (cs) with loud noise (us) to fear them (cr) Believed that everything humans know we learned (emotions, knowledge, phobias)

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