PSYC 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Tom Cruise, Binge Drinking, Cognitive Dissonance

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Examines the ways in which we think about, influence, and relate to one another. Judgements about causes of our own and other people"s behaviour and outcomes. Consistency, distinctiveness and consensus can only get us so far: we do not always have the answers. E. g. , witness a student on campus punch another student: aggressive student or justified self-defence: sometimes chronic situational factors can start to look like personality traits. Abused child becomes highly fearful of male teachers. When explaining others behaviours, wee tend to: underestimate impact of situational factors, overestimate role of personal factors. When explaining our own behaviour we: make more personal attributions for successes, more situational attributions for failures. Strengths depends on psychological state & culture. Depressed people= more personal attributions for failures. Can be both beneficial and problematic: can enhance our self-esteem, can lead to wrong conclusion. Study attempting to improve academic performance by bolstering self- esteem (forsyth, et al.

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