Class Notes (943,112)
CA (551,692)
U of G (28,122)
PSYC (4,094)
PSYC 1000 (938)
Lecture 16

Lecture 16.docx

2 Pages
75 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1000
Professor
Lisa Giguere

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Lecture 16
Motivation and Emotions
November 1st
1. What is human motivation?
Motivation refers to a need or desire that energizes (effortful) behavior and directs
it towards a goal
What is an instinct?
- a fixed (rigid and predictable) pattern of behavior
- not acquired by learning, typically rooted in genes
What drives us?
- some strong human drives include hunger, sex, belonging
- the “push” of biological processes and the “pull” of socio-cultural forces
Are we motivated by the maintenance of homeostasis?
- a drive is an aroused/ tense state related to a physical need
- drive-reduction theory suggests we are motivated to restore homeostasis
when a drive emerges
Are we motivated by incentives?
- an incentive is a reward (reinforcement)
- suggests we are motivated by learned response-reward pairings
- motivated by attracting person to reward
- as opposed to pushing person
Are we motivated by exploration?
- a need to either increase or decrease our physiological arousal level to
maintain an optima level of arousal
- as opposed to eliminating arousal
Are our needs organized in a sequence?
- Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
- Abraham Maslow (1908-1970)
- Bottom up: physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, self-actualization
Beyond pleasure and paid?
- flow: state of experience where a person, total absorbed, feels tremendous
amounts of exhilaration, control enjoyment
- occurs when people push their abilities to their boundaries and in so doig
experience merging of action and awareness
- flow can occur throughtout spectrum of daily experience ex/ music sports
painting
- mihaly csikszentmihalyi (1934-)
2. What do emotions do?
- A functional perspective suggests emotions are signals to motivation
- Well-suited to help us manage “push” of biological processes and “pull” of
socio-cultural forces

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Lecture 16 Motivation and Emotions November 1 st 1. What is human motivation? Motivation refers to a need or desire that energizes (effortful) behavior and directs it towards a goal What is an instinct? - a fixed (rigid and predictable) pattern of behavior - not acquired by learning, typically rooted in genes What drives us? - some strong human drives include hunger, sex, belonging - the “push” of biological processes and the “pull” of socio-cultural forces Are we motivated by the maintenance of homeostasis? - a drive is an aroused/ tense state related to a physical need - drive-reduction theory suggests we are motivated to restore homeostasis when a drive emerges Are we motivated by incentives? - an incentive is a reward (reinforcement) - suggests we are motivated by learned response-reward pairings - motivated by attracting person to reward - as opposed to pushing person Are we motivated by exploration? - a need to either increase or decrease our physiological arousal level to maintain an optima level of arousal - as opposed to eliminating arousal Are our needs organized in a sequence? - Maslow’s hierarchy of needs - Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) - Bottom up: physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, self-actualization Beyond pleasure and paid? - flow: state of experience where a person, total absorbed, feels tremendous amounts of exhilaration, control enjoyment - occurs when people push their abilities to their boundaries and i
More Less
Unlock Document


Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit