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Lecture 17

Lecture 17 Personality part 1.docx

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University of Guelph
PSYC 1000
Lisa Giguere

Lecture 17 Personality Part 1 Nov 6, 2012 Personality: characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviours - Persisting over time and across situations 1. what are psychodynamic/ psychoanalytic perspectives on personality? - inner forces interact to make us who we are - personality develops in a dynamic (changing over time) interplay between conscious/ unconscious processes Freud (1856-1939) - change of perspective: phsycial symptoms could be caused by psych factors - fascinated by unconscious - formulated theory of structure of human personality and its development - theory and his therapeutic named psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis - techiques for revealing unconscious mind - look for meanings for “latent” content of dreams/ slips of tongue Iceberg analogy - ego to resolve tension between id and superego- reality principal - unconscious thoughts that are unacceptable The Developing Personality - begins with id- devil type/ impulses, pleasure principal - develops into ego- reality principal - around 4/5 develops superego- perfect/ angel type conscience Psychosexual Stages - oral (0-18m)- pleasure centers on mouth - Anal (18-36m)- pleasure focused on bladder and bowel elimination/control - Phallic (3-6 y) genetals pleasure zone, coping w incestuous feelings - Latency (6-puberty)- dormand sexual feelings - Genital (puberty-after)- maturation of sexual interests Defending against anxiety - ego protects by reducing anxiety by unconsciously altering reality Denial: refusing to believe or even perceive painful realities Displacement: shifting sexual or aggressive impulses toward more acceptable/ less threatening object or person Projection: disguising own threatening impulses by attributing them to others Rationalization: offering self-justifying explanations in place of real more threatening unconscious reasons to one’s action Reaction formation: switching unacceptable impulses into their opposites Neo-Freudian psychodynamic theorists - psychodynamic theroists accepted freuds theoryies about - importance of unconscious and childhood relationships in shaping personality - id/ego/superego structure of personality - role
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