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Lecture 15

PSYC 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Paralanguage, Intersectionality, Organizational Culture


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1000
Professor
Dan Meegan
Lecture
15

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SOCI 1036 Issues in Diversity Midterm Study Notes
Chapter 2 Human Rights and Freedom
Canadian Human Rights Act
The federal statute that prohibits discrimination based on race, national or ethnic
origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, family status,
disability or conviction for an offence for which a pardon has been granted
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
The part of the Canadian Constitution that protects the rights and freedoms that are
deemed essential to maintaining a free and democratic society and a united country
Examples democratic rights, mobility rights, legal rights, equality rights, etc.
Canadian Human Rights Commission
The federal body responsible for investigating and adjudicating complaints concerning violations
A government agency with the mandate to investigate human rights against
employers and to develop policies and address issues related to discrimination
o Harassment in the workplace, drug testing in the workplace, mental health issues
Ontario Human Rights Code
The inherent dignity and the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family
is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world (free from any discrimination)
Chapter 3 Cultural Diversity
Definitions
Culture the pattern of behaviour and behavioural consequences that are shared and
transmitted among members of a particular society (man-made part of environment)
Ethnicity the culture of origin with which an individual identifies within multiculturalism
Race a classification based on ancestry or origin as indicated by physical characteristics
Visible minority individuals, other than Indigenous peoples, who are non-Caucasian
Stereotype conventional, formulaic, and usually oversimplified conceptions that
falsify reality through over-generalization and strip their subjects of individuality
Prejudice an adverse judgement or opinion formed with little or no knowledge or
experience or examination of the facts, a predetermined presence of ideas or bias
Diversity equity a value according to which there are no superior or inferior groups
Nuclear family family group consisting of two parents and their children (one or more)
Chapter 4 Religious Diversity
Religion
A spiritual belief system, they are a type of needs: social, health and family
Very powerful bring people together or divide of intolerance/ignorance
Religious Beliefs
o The tenets of particular faiths
Opinion, doctrine or principle, observance, practice that held as being
true by an adherent that fulfills the identification of a particular faith
Religious Practices
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o Concrete expressions of religious beliefs, traditions, ceremonies, rituals, etc
Atheists profess no religion and do not believe in a higher power
Agnostics impossible to know God or how the world began (doubt)
Different Types of Religion
o Buddhism
360 million believers, path of practice and spiritual development, seek
awareness, kindness and wisdom, ultimate enlightenment = Buddhism
o Jewish
Torah is the central reference of Judaism, the term torah stands for instructions and offers a
way of life for those who follow it, it can mean the continued narrative from the Genesis Book
o The Five Books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
o Body of scripture known to non-Jews as the Old Testament and to Jews as Torah
Definitions
Radicalization process by which individuals or groups become socialized to radical views
Terrorism act committed in whole or in part for a political, religious, ideological purpose
Religious profiling the targeting of an individual for safety or security
puposes, o the asis of steeotpes aout a pesos speifi eligio
Chapter 5 Lecture Five
Family Violence
Family violence the different forms of abuse, mistreatment, or neglect that adults or
children may experience in their intimate, kinship, extended or dependent relationships
Gendered apartheid a policy of segregation, followed in certain religions, based on a
belief that women are inferior to men and constitute a subordinate class of human beings
Causes
o Stress, alcohol and drug use, a history of abuse of child, or characteristics of abused
o Abusers desire for power/control and relatives lack of consequences for behaviour
o Mes soiall igaied epetatios of otol ad poe, ad fea of dislosue
Police Response
o Meditative policy a non-arrest police approach to family violence calls
o Pro-arrest policy a policy that favours arrest of family violence
cases but leaves the decision of arrest to the discretion of the officers
o Mandatory arrest policy a policy dictating that arrest must take place
Definitions
Neglect is the failure to provide necessary care, assistance, guidance, or attention
that causes or is likely to cause the person physical, mental or emotional harm
Intimate partner violence violence committed within an intimate relationship
Dating violence violence committed by a current or former dating partner
o To a person whom the victim had a sexual relationship or attraction too
Spousal violence violence or mistreatment suffered at the hands of a marital partner
Cycle of abuse social cycle theory that describes four stages of behaviour in relationship
Intellectual Disability a condition characterized by sub average intelligence,
significant limitation in adaptive functioning, and onset before the age of 18
Types of Abuse
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Physical Abuse this varies in the degree or violence used against another person
o Child Abuse a physical and/or psychological abuse of a children
Sexual Abuse any sexual activity with an adult, partner without consent is a crime
o Child Sexual Abuse the sexual exploitation of someone under 18
Emotional Abuse series of incidents or patterns of behaviour that occurs over time
Financial Abuse eetig otol oe a pesos oe o elogigs the hae
o Someone uses money or property to control or exploit someone
Elder Abuse the physical, sexual, emotional or psychological abuse or neglect, or the
financial exploitation of any older person by a caregiver, a staff member in an institution
Domestic Violence
Statistics
o In Ontario, in 2005, 30 women were killed by their current partner
o Two out of five disabled women experience abuse in their life time
Suicide
Consequence of mood disorder taking forms of ideation, threat, gesture, attempt suicide
Bill 68 (Brian’s Law)
Bias La is aed afte a Ottaa spotsaste Bia Sith
o A law that amends the Mental Health Act and the Health Care Consent Act. It responds to
suggestios fo ooes juies, failies, polie ad etal health pofessioals that
people with serious mental illness require alternatives to the hospitalized people
The poies highest out has upheld the ostitutioalit hih as uated i 000
o It introduced community treatment orders which provides for community-based
treatment and supervision for people with past psychiatric hospital admissions
Diversity
A variety of human qualities and experiences that humans have
The variation in society of culture and other factors
o Including differences in age, race, gender, physical abilities, socio-economic background
There are three different forms of diversity including primary, secondary and intersectionality
o Pia at hage, Seoda a hage, Itesetioalit diesit eets up
Integration
Integration ex: encourages immigrants to adopt features of the host culture while still
maintaining aspects of their own heritage - (this is what Aboriginals did within Canada)
Gender Apartheid
Gender Apartheid policy of segregation in certain religions/cultures based on a belief
that women are inferior to men and constitute a subordinate class of human being
Mental Illness
Mental illness is a group of behaviours marked by disturbances in thinking, feeling, relating
It could be related to head injury, medical conditions such as diabetes and epilepsy in abuse
Formication a hallucinatory experience, sometimes undergone by stimulant users,
that ioles feelig that isets o sakes ae alig oe o ude oes ski
Psychosis a fo of etal distuae that ioles a pesos losig touh ith ealit
Mood Disorder mental disorders, including depression, and bipolar affecting a mood
Depression a mood disorder characterized by extended periods of despair and hopelessness
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