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Introduction to Therapy & Biomedical Therapies.docx

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PSYC 1000
Anneke Olthof

Introduction to Therapy & Biomedical Therapies The Nature of Therapy • Goal ➡ To help change maladaptive thoughts, feelings, and/or behaviours • Prevalence ➡ 30% of North Americans will seek professional psychological counselling at some point in their life • Resources ➡ Psychologists and psychiatrists ➡ Counsellors • Current forms of therapy ➡ Psychotherapy •An interactive experience with a trained professional, working on understanding and changing behaviour, thinking, relationships, and emotions ➡Biomedical Therapy •The use of medication and other procedures acting directly on the body to reduce the symptoms of mental disorders • Combining therapies ➡ An eclectic approach uses techniques from various forms of therapy to fit the client’s problems, strengths, and preferences ➡ Medications and psychotherapy can be used together and may help each otter achieve a better reduction in symptoms Psychoanalysis • Refers to a set of techniques for releasing the tension of repression and resolving unconscious inner conflicts • Techniques ➡ Free association •Uncensored, verbal reports of thoughts, feelings, or images that enter awareness Dream interpretation ➡ •Therapist helps client understand the symbolic meaning of their dreams ➡ Transference •Client responds irrationally to the therapist like he/she was a significant figure from the client’s past ➡ Pay attention to resistance •Defensive maneuverers that hinder the process of therapy are signs that sensitive materials is being approached • How does psychoanalysis help clients? ➡ Interpretation •When the therapist suggests unconscious meanings and underlying wishes to help the client gain insight and release tension •Time consuming as client must arrive at “insight” Humanistic Therapies • Focus ➡ Conscious control of behaviour ➡ Emphasizes the human potential for growth, self-actualization, and personal fulfillment ➡ Disordered behaviour Present, future, not past ➡ Client-Centered Therapy • ➡ Developed by Carl Rogers ➡ Focused on therapeutic environment ➡ Important therapist attributes •Being non-directive •Unconditional positive regard
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