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Module 23 & 24.docx

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PSYC 1000
Dan Meegan

October 15, 2012 Module 23: Memory Why do we need to have memory? - to retain useful skills, knowledge, and expertise - to recognize familiar people and places - to build our capacity to use language - to enjoy, share and sustain culture - to build a sense of self that endures: what do I believe value remember, and understand? - to go beyond conditioning in learning from experience, including lessons from one’s past and from the experiences of others How does memory work? An information-processing model - here is a simplified description of how memory works: o encoding: the information gets into our brains in a way that allows it to be stored o storage: the information is held in a way that allows it to later be retrieved o retrieval: reactivating and recalling the information, producing it in a form similar to what was encoded Models of Memory Formation - The Atkinson, Shiffrin Model o stimuli are recorded by our senses and held briefly in sensory memory o some of the information is processed into short-term memory and encoded through rehearsal o information then moves into long-term memory where it can be retrieved later Working Memory Functions - the short-term memory is “working” in many ways - it holds information not just to rehearse it, but
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