PSYC 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Neuroticism, Behaviorism, Conscientiousness
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•What is personality?
What is Personality?
•“Characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting”
•Stable patterns or context-specific e.g. are you a different person around different
•How do we develop personalities?
•Many theories of personality
Temperament: a person’s or animal’s nature (biological), especially as it permanently
affects their behavior
Four Types of Temperament: classified by four bodily fluids (humors)
•Sanguine- too much blood (spring, air, optimistic, bubbly)
•Phlegmatic- too much phlegm (low energy, winter, water)
•Choleric- too much bile (summer, fire, aggressive)
•Melancholy- too much dark bile (fall, earth, negative)
•Psychodynamic- resolving conflict between drives and society
•Humanistic- unfolding human potential (can be better than we are- if we fulfill
•Trait Theory- stable predispositions derived from external descriptors (describe
people in regards to external qualities they have)
•Sigmund Freud Key Ideas
1. Unconscious and conscious processes important
2. Personality forms in early childhood
3. Mental representations of self/others shape action
4. Centrality of conflict (characterized by conflict)
Freud’s Theory of the Divided Self
•Ego (conscious and preconscious): reality principle, “mediator”
•Super Ego (conscious, preconscious and unconscious): societal injunctions, what
is right and wrong “no don’t do that”
•ID (unconscious): drives, instincts, pleasure principle, “me, me, me”
•Personality- ways the ego has found to resolve conflict
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