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Lecture 3

PSYC 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Neuroticism, Behaviorism, Conscientiousness

Course Code
PSYC 1000
Jeffrey Yen

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Personality Theories
Modules 40-42
What is personality?
Psychodynamic theories
Humanistic theories
Trait theories
What is Personality?
“Characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting”
Stable patterns or context-specific e.g. are you a different person around different
How do we develop personalities?
Many theories of personality
Early Theories
Temperament: a person’s or animal’s nature (biological), especially as it permanently
affects their behavior
Four Types of Temperament: classified by four bodily fluids (humors)
Sanguine- too much blood (spring, air, optimistic, bubbly)
Phlegmatic- too much phlegm (low energy, winter, water)
Choleric- too much bile (summer, fire, aggressive)
Melancholy- too much dark bile (fall, earth, negative)
Psychological Theories
Psychodynamic- resolving conflict between drives and society
Humanistic- unfolding human potential (can be better than we are- if we fulfill
Trait Theory- stable predispositions derived from external descriptors (describe
people in regards to external qualities they have)
Psychodynamic Theories
Sigmund Freud Key Ideas
1. Unconscious and conscious processes important
2. Personality forms in early childhood
3. Mental representations of self/others shape action
4. Centrality of conflict (characterized by conflict)
Freud’s Theory of the Divided Self
Ego (conscious and preconscious): reality principle, “mediator”
Super Ego (conscious, preconscious and unconscious): societal injunctions, what
is right and wrong “no don’t do that”
ID (unconscious): drives, instincts, pleasure principle, “me, me, me”
Personality- ways the ego has found to resolve conflict
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