PSYC 1000 Lecture 14: Psych notes - module 14.docx

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Maturation: biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behaviour, relatively uninfluenced by experience. Cognition: all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating. Schema: a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information. Assimilation: interpreting our new experiences in terms of our existing schemas. Accommodation: adapting our current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information. Sensorimotor stage: in piaget"s theory, the stage (from birth to 2 years) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities. Object permanence: the awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived. Egocentrism: in piaget"s theory, the preoperational child"s difficulty taking another"s point of view. Preoperational stage: in piaget"s theory, the stage (from 2 to 6/7 years) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic.

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