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PSYC 2310 (454)
Saba Safdar (379)


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PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

PSYC 2310—Attraction and Intimacy Facts about attraction  Basic facts: o Physical proximity plays a large role in attraction and relationship formation o We like those who are physically attractive o We like those who are similar to us—attitudes, age, education etc. Theories: 1) Classical conditioning  UCS leads to UCR  CS (bell)—resulted in no response  CS + UCS lead to UCR o Eventually dog conditioned to bell sound and salivates when heard  Led to CS and CR  Eg. o Nice meal—pleasant feeling o Ronaldo—associated with nothing o Ronaldo’s presence + nice meal—pleasant feeling  Eventually, through simply him just being there every time experience good meal, will associate good meal and pleasant feeling with him. Empirical evidence  In study—participants who in good room temp, liked both groups more— associated feeling with person reading about—more forgiving towards people who aren’t similar to them o Pairing ones feeling about room with someone else Conditioning and attraction  Reinforcement theorists and the three facts attention: o Proximity increases the chances of classical conditioning o Pleasant to look at attractive people and objects—therefore associate the pleasant feeling with the attractive person o Similar people confirm our views—make us feel good and those feelings become associated with the person  Less likely to have conflict with 2) Social norms  There are two different sets of rules that govern giving and receiving benefits in relationships  Exchange relationships o Benefits are given with exception of receiving comparable benefits in return  Communal relationships o Benefits are given in response to the others needs to demonstrate special concern for the other Empirical evidence  Clark and mills study o Male participants worked on a word task creating words from letter tiles o Attractive confederate in another room—all saw her o Gave 2 cover stories  In 1—told men that student was new to school and would like to meet new people and after experiment, would have chance to know her—communal expectancy  In 2—told men she was very busy, and only have time for study and then husband is going to come and pick her up—exchange expectancy  After task participants were asked to transfer extra letter tiles to woman  The woman either transferred her credits or thanked the participants  Which liked the woman more? o Liked woman more under communal condition and when just thanked them o Didn’t like her if transferred their credit to them and under exchange condition Social norms approach  Social norms approach and three facts regarding attraction: o We can’t adhere to the norms pf communal and exchange relationship unless we come into contact with another person o This approach has little to say about physical attractiveness o We like those with similar attitudes because the other can best understand
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