Class Notes (837,548)
Canada (510,312)
Psychology (3,977)
PSYC 2310 (454)
Saba Safdar (379)

January 24.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

January 24, 2012 – PSYCH 2310 – S. Safdar Attitudes and Attribution Across Cultures MAKING ATTRIUBTIONS IN INTERCULTURAL INTERACTIONS - culture becomes an important factor when we answer why things happen in our life - types of explanations: o ability  I got 92% because I’m smart. IF YOU SUCCEED, YOU SAY IT WAS INTERNAL. o task difficulty  I got 57% because the exam was difficult. IF YOU DON’T SUCCEED, YOU SAY IT WAS EXTERNAL FACTORS. o Effort  I did well because I studied and came to all lectures. o Luck  I got 57% because I was unlucky – too many questions from the section I did not read. - Cultures tend to use different explanations for success and failure. MAKING ATTRIBUTIONS IN INTERCULTURAL INTERACTIONS - isomorphic attribution (Triandis, 1977) o eg. Samurai says “I want to sleep with you” – you take it as a sexual advancement – actually means “I trust you enough to sleep in the same room as you without you cutting my throat.” CULTURAL STYLE OF ATTRIBUTION - in individualistic cultures people tend to focus on the individual as determining the cause of behaviour o people attribute success to ability and failure to external factors - in collectivistic cultures people to give greater emphasis on external causes of individual behaviour. o People attribute success to help from others and failure to the lack of effort FUNDAMENTAL ATTRIBUTION ERROR - is it possible that the fundamental attribution error is a uniquely western phenomenon? - Miller (1984) o Participants: American and Asian Indians of varying ages o They had to describe the cause of actions they had observed in their lives. JOAN MILLER’S STUDY (1984) - age 8, we find no difference between American and Indian - but as people get older and enculturated, the style of attribution came to vary – amongst American, we find more internal attribution – it increases – the events that happen to them are based on internal factors January 24, 2012 – PSYCH 2310 – S. Safdar - in terms of external attribution, they take into account situational factor significantly more then Americans – as they get older, Indians = external factors - no fundamental attribution error, is not fundamental to human being – it is fundamental in the west (?) MASUDA AND NISBETT’S STUDY (2001) - results: o both American and Japanese college students recalled details about the focal fish a nearly equal extent o Japanese students, however, reported significantly more detailed about the supporting cast in the background. o They have a fuller picture, more holistic view of the context. BIOCULTURAL IDENTITY - how bicultural individuals make attributions for human behaviour? - Chinese think like Americans when they see American images (internal attributions are seen), but when shown Chinese images, they make more situation attributions HONG ET AL. STUDY (2000) - Results: o Those with bicultural identity made more situational attribution when Chinese images were presented and less situational attribution when American images were given. - Conclusion: o Social perceptions are fluid and depend on which culture is brought to mind. It’s like speaking two languages. You automatically switch personalities and put yourself into that culture. SELF-SERVING ATTRIBUTIONS - self-serving attributions o tendency of explaining one’s success to internal disposition factors and one’s failure to external situational factors o we do that to protect our self-esteem and feel good about ourselves – it’s a coping mechanism which works here in the West o profession
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2310

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.