March 26, 2013 – PSYCH 2310 LECTURE
Based on Chapters 5 and 11 – March 26, 2013
o Def: A person living outside; a person not living in a Christian country
- Chinese fire drill
o Def: a state of chaotic; disorder
- Dutch treat
o Pay your own way
- excuse my French
o swearing/pardon my language – links French language to negative
- Get your Irish up
o Temper – ‘don’t get your Irish up’ – don’t get your temper up –
become angry or outraged
- Indian giver
o Give and take back
- Most stereotypes are objectionable because:
o The implicit ethnocentrism
You are implying that you are different by giving someone a
Example : Get your Irish up – You imply that you are not Irish
and that you do not outrage.
Others are the abnormal, and not you.
o The implication that perceived differences are inborn and unalterable
You need to realize there are some implicit assumptions that
some groups are superior to others
- Lippmann (1922), a political journalist, described stereotype as the “pictures
in our heads”
o We have this mold of individuals in our head, and we apply that to any
member of that group we see.
How do Stereotypes Form?
- social categorization
o grouping people on the basis of gender, ethnicity, and other attributes
o consequences of categorical thinking is:
Is stereotype Inevitable?
- stereotype as automatic process
o the short answer is yes, stereotype is inevitable
o subliminal presentation (Devine, 1989) March 26, 2013 – PSYCH 2310 LECTURE
make decisions too fast for brain to process
- controlling automatic activation
o think of a white bear – you will think of a white bear. You cannot
break this cycle
motivation and devoting cognitive resources could lead to
suppression of stereotypes
think about the stereotype and understand it. Motivate
yourself to not engage in that stereotype.
- Bodenhausen’s experiment:
o Some engage in task in morning
o Some engage in the evening
o Asked to perform cognitive tasks (puzzle)
o What group did it better?
- Circadian Rhythms ( look at the picture online)
o Those people who follow the circadian rhythm,
o Alert in morning.
o Tested in evening? Did not do well.
- stereotypes are often used to justify the ingroup’s behaviour towards the