Class Notes (834,991)
Canada (508,850)
Psychology (3,977)
PSYC 2310 (454)
Saba Safdar (379)
Lecture

Class 5 - Attitudes & Attributions Across Culture.doc

3 Pages
43 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2310
Professor
Saba Safdar
Semester
Fall

Description
Attitudes & Attribution Across Cultures Making Attributions in Intercultural Interactions Types of explanations: 1) Ability; internal attribution (I did well because I am good at this subject) 2) Task difficulty; external (I did well because the exam wasn’t very hard) 3) Effort; internal & unstable (I did well because I studied a lot) 4) Luck; external & unstable (I did well because I got lucky) - Cultures tend to use different explanations for success & failure Isomorphic attribution (Triandis, 1977)  When there is no breakdown of terms of the same attribution (e.g. if a samerai says I want to sleep with you, it doesn’t mean sex) Cultural Style of Attribution - In individualistic cultures people tend to focus on the individual as determining the cause of behaviour.  People attribute success to ability & failure to external factors. - In collectivistic cultures people tend to give greater emphasis to external causes of individual behaviour.  People attribute success to help from others & failure to lack of effort. Fundamental Attribution Error - Is it possible that the fundamental attribution error is a uniquely western phenomenon? - Miller (1984)  Participants: American & Asian Indians of varying ages  They had to describe the cause of actions they had observed in their lives  At age 8 – no significant difference between American & Indian in internal attribution, but as age increases, Americans attribute more to internal  External attribution – Americans attribute less to external as age increases Masuda & Nisbett’s Study (2001) Results: - Japanese & Americans recal details about the focal fish to a nearly equal extent - Japanese remember more details about the small fish, the background, the corals, etc. Bicultural Identity - Individuals who were born in one culture (collectivistic) & then live in individualistic culture - How bicultural indiviuals make attributions for human behaviour  Make more situational attribution for Chinese images RESULTS: - Those with bicultural identity made more situational attribution when Chinese images were presented & less situational attribution when American images were given - Conclusion: Social perceptions are fluid & depend on which culture is brought to mind. Self-Serving Attributions - The tendency of explaining one’s succe
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2310

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit