Class Notes (834,986)
Canada (508,846)
Psychology (3,977)
PSYC 2310 (454)
Saba Safdar (379)
Lecture

Altruism - chap13.doc

2 Pages
116 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2310
Professor
Saba Safdar
Semester
Fall

Description
Altruism Question of Motives - Why do we act to benefit others? a) We care about the welfare of others (altruistic motivation) b) We care about ourselves – we are helping ourselves (egoistic motivation) -Evolutionary perspective A Look at History - There is a strong assumption in psychology of universal egoism  This is the majority view in economics, political science, & philosophy - Greek philosopher Epictetus 38 Witnesses! - Silent Witnesses: The Kitty Genovese Murder (1964) - Alternative analysis: The Probable of the 38 Witness Why Don’t People Help? - Darley & Latane (1968) came up with an ingenious answer. They suggested that after noticing the problem, people have to take sequential decisions before helping. 1. What is the problem? - Don’t want to act too quickly if nothing is wrong - Latane & Darley’s experiments - State of pluralistic ignorance (we privately reject the norm around us, but we don’t do anything about it because we think everyone else accepts it) 2. Is it my repsonsibility? - “No one is doing anything, but should I?” - Darley & Latane’s study – participants who believed they were alone went to find the source of the noise & go help; participants who believed there were other people around did not help. - Diffusion of responsibility 3. What can I do? - A sense of competence (to help) Psychological Answers - Three fundamental forms of egoistic prosocial behaviour: 1. Gaining rewards - Kinsh
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2310

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit