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Psych 2310 – Cultural Context of Violence – November 12 2013.docx

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PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

Psych 2310 – Cultural Context of Violence – November 12 2013  Violence around the World o Of the number of murders in a society are less than 5- low violence society o Medium level of violence, homicides around 5 or higher o Humans have a wide range of capacity when it comes to aggression  Frequency of violence o Statistics on murder rates according to Interpol  Norway: 0.9 murders in 100,000, considered very safe  Canada 1.8 in 100,000  USA, 5.6 in 100,000, considered medium violence  Russia, 22.0 per 100,000  South Africa, 55.9 per 100,000  New Guinea, 683 per 100,000  Types of Violence o Types of violence differ across culture  USA: gun related violence and it tends to involve individuals rather than groups  Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe, and parts of South America: group attacks in political, ethnic, tribal conflict form  Europe: Violent mobs during football  A phenomenon referred to as football hooliganism  Non-Violent societies o Balinese (Indonesian island of Bali) o Inuit (arctic regions)  These societies reject aggressive behavior and understand how to control anger o Tibetan Buddhist society in northern India  Peaceful individuals o Zapotec (native American society in southern Mexico) o Violence is related to the certain values that groups have  Ecology and Aggressive Behavior o Truks live in Pacific island  Men are violent fighters, compete with one another in physical contests, and are protective of women  Fish in the open sea, so men have to be brave and competitive because you have to hunt your own food, and those qualities are highly valued  Gender roles explain a lot in societies  Societies allow men to be aggressive where women are meant to be submissive o Tahitians live in Pacific island  Men are peaceful and cooperative and do not over protect their women  Fish in lagoons, they are less likely to be hungry because they don’t compete for their food  Aggression isn’t valued in those societies because it is useless  Subjective cultures o Simbu of New Guinea (brown, 1986)  Positive attitudes about aggression  High status is associated with being male, violent, competitive and loyal to the men’s group  Women are submissive  Powerful men create their own group and have more land and women
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