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Psych 2310 – Stereotypes – November 14.docx

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

Psych 2310 – Stereotypes – November 14, 2013  Well Known Stereotypes (Positive and Negative) o Barbarian  A person living outside; a person not living in a Christian country o Chinese Fire Drill  A state of chaotic; disorder o Dutch Treat  When each person pays his or her own expense o Excuse my French  Links the French language with negative language o Get you Irish Up  To become angry or outraged o Indian Giver  When someone gives a gift, then takes it back o Most stereotypes are objectionable because  The implicit ethnocentrism  Ones ethnic group is the norm and anything outside that group is abnormal  The implication that perceived differences are inborn and unalterable  Italians are sensitive  Stereotype o Lippmann, a political journalist described stereotype as the “pictures in our heads”  How do stereotypes form? o Social categorization  Grouping people on the basis of gender, ethnicity, and other attributes  Consequences of categorical thinking is  In-group favoritism  Out-group homogeneity  Is Stereotype Inevitable? o Stereotype as automatic process  Subliminal presentation o Controlling automatic activation  Motivation and devoting cognitive resources could lead to suppression of stereotypes  Legitimating beliefs o Stereotypes are often used to justify the in-groups behavior towards the out group because  Stereotypes serve as a way of reflecting social reality  Stereotypes serve as a way of perpetuating of the existing intergroup relationships  Expectancies o Holding stereotypes create tendencies to confirm our biases and overlook inconsistent informat
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