Social Psychology 6
Midterm THIS THURSDAY
Chapters: 1, 3, 4, 6. (10 Questions Each)
3> Self across culture>7Q
4> attribution >7Q
6>attitudes and attribution >7Q
What is social Psychology?
The scientific Study of the way in which a person’s thoughts feelings and bthaviors are
The Scientific study of Social Psychology developed at the end of the 19 Century
NORMAN TRIPLETT The idea of doing better in front of others
Floyd Allport wrote and important book on interactions of individuals in their social
Gordon Allport – Prejudice, establishment of the SPSSI
Muzafer Sheriff – Experimental research on social influence
Kurt Lewin Action research.
____________ Originated the concept of “Action Research”, combining basic
theoretical research and social action in a coordinated program.
a) Muzafer Sharif
b) Kurt Lewin
c) Leon Fest…
d) Gordon Allport.
Gestalt and positive psychology
Behaviorist, sociocultural, humanistic perspectives
Social (how we think of others) vs. Selfperception, self fulfilling prophesy,
“Negative political messages are more persuasive then positive political messages” is
an example of
d) Untestable Prediction
Accuracy of Self Knowledge
Is it possible to require an accurate understanding of who we are?
“Yes” autobiography writers ( self concept I the most complete form of
Introspection is one way of developing self knowledge Our motives are hidden in our subconscious
People don’t engage in introspection often.
According to Taylor and Brown (1988) good mental health includes several
1) Exaggerating the good in our life
2) Exaggeration our control
3) Having unrealistic optimism
SelfEsteem is a sense of personal worth
There are two round roots to self esteem: (social feedback/ Direct experience
Is selfesteem stable or fluctuate? Contemporary studies show our self esteem
is fairly stable.
To increase our selfesteem we engage in social comparison:
Upward Comparison > People who have done more.
Downward Comparison >People who haven’t done as much
The Dark side of Selfesteem
People whose inflated favorable selfesteem is threatened often react by
putting others down, sometimes with violence > Self aggrandizing form.
**THE VICIOUS CIRCLE OF LOW SELFESTEEM**
Low effort, high anxiety
Self awareness refers to the state in which one’s attention is focused on
oneself and one is comparison self with a set of standers (introspection)
State and trait.
Can increase selfawareness by taping themselves.
Is selfawareness a bad thing?
Generally it is a good thing, it allows us to be aware of who we are.
That being said if you pay to much attention to yourself, than it becomes
difficult. Too much pressure. Ill not perform as well.
According to Baumeister (1986) which of the following is not a feature of the self?
a) Self includes the cycle of birth and dea