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6. Review Session 1 (Jan 28).pdf

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PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

PSYC*2310▯ Thursday, January 28, 2014▯ Review Session 1▯ ▯ - 80 questions, multiple choice format ▯ - 50% from the textbook, 50% from lecture▯ ▯ - Chapters 1, 3, 4, 6▯ - 10 questions from each chapter▯ ▯ - Lecture 1/intro: 5 questions▯ - Lecture 2/self: 7 questions▯ - Lecture 3/ self across culture: 7 questions▯ - Lecture 4/attribution: 7 questions▯ - Lecture 5/attitudes: 7 questions▯ - Lecture 6/attitudes and attributions: 7 questions▯ ▯ Lecture 1▯ ▯ -hat is Social Psychology?▯ influenced by the real or imagined presence of other people▯, feelings, and behaviours are - how social psychology is different from other disciplines and sub-disciplines of psychology ▯ - social psychology: different methods of inquiry, scientific approach▯ ▯ History of Social Psychology▯ - developed in the late 19th century ▯ - Norman Triplett: if people in bike races are faster when in the face/against the clock▯ - Floyd Allport: wrote an important book in interaction of individual in their social contexts: “Social Psychology”▯ - World War II increased research in social psychology▯ ▯ Major Contributions (these are the ONLY names, no dates, no additional information)▯ - Gordon Allport: prejudice, establishment of the SPSSI▯ - Mazafer Sherif: experimental research on social influence ▯ - Kurt Lewin: action research ▯ - Soloman Asch: conformity ▯ - Leon Festinger: cognitive dissonance ▯ - Stanley Milgrams: obedience▯ ▯ Practice Question 1▯ - ______ originated the concept of “action research” combining basic theoretical research and social action ion a coordinated program. ▯ - a) Muzafer Sharif▯ - b) Kurt Lewin▯ - c) Leon Festinger ▯ - d) Gordon Allport▯ ▯ Chapter 1 Major Topics▯ - Gestalt and positive psychology (individual potential, human ability, positive aspect of tendencies that humans have)▯ - behaviourist, socio-cultural (context, cultural aspect of human behaviour), humanistic perspectives (positive psychology)▯ - social (how we think about others) versus self perception (how we think about ourselves), self-fulfilling prophecy (when we expect people to behave in a certain way, they will fulfill out expectations), hindsight bias (“i knew it all along,”)▯ ▯ Practice Question 2▯ - “negative political messages are more persuasive then positive political messages” is an example of:▯ - a) theory ▯ - b) research ▯ - c) hypothesis▯ - d) untestable prediction▯ ▯ Lecture 2▯ ▯ Accuracy of Self-Knowledge▯ - is it possible to have an accurate understanding of self-knowledge?▯ - yes, autobiography writers (self-concept is the most complete form of knowledge imaginable)▯ - no, psychoanalyst (self-concept is very hard to obtain)▯ ▯ Introspection▯ - introspection is one way of developing self-knowledge ▯ - introspection has some limitations:▯ - people don’t engage in introspection often ▯ - reasons for some of our behaviour are hidden from out conscious awareness▯ ▯ Healthy Self-Knowledge ▯ - according to Taylor and Brown (1988), good mental health includes several systematic distortion▯ - exaggerating positive self-evaluation▯ - exaggerating perception of control ▯ - having unrealistic optimism▯ - *caution: there us an optimal margin of illusion for healthy adjustment ▯ ▯ Practice Question 3▯ - according to Baumeister (1986), which of the following is not a feature of the self?▯ - a) self includes the cycle of birth and death ▯ - b) self includes the body ▯ - c) self includes a name, social roles, membership in groups, and other attributions▯ - d) self involves making decisions▯ ▯ -hapter 3▯ -mpression management strategies (we want to have a positive impression on others)▯ approaches, strategies, impact of positive impression management▯ - self-handicapping (self-serving behaviour), prove obstacle for themselves so they cannot accomplish a task▯ - example: night before a midterm, a student who doesn’t go to lecture does something else instead of studying and then fail the exam: “I failed because I went to work instead”▯ - self-serving comparison (compare with those that benefit us), maintain positive self-concept▯ - self-verification, want others to perceive us the same way that we perceive ourselves▯ - what are the functions? why do we engage in these behaviours?▯ ▯ Practice Question 4▯ - remembering what he learned about ______, Michael utilized several different strategies to put his best foot forward.▯ - a) self serving bias ▯ - b) self serving beliefs ▯ - c) self serving behaviours ▯ - d) impression management▯ ▯ Lecture 3▯ ▯ Definition of Culture▯ - culture comprises the human-made part of the environment and the social institutions of the society such as norma, rules, and laws▯ - where is culture?▯ - culture is in the heads of its members ▯ ▯ The Interdependent Construal▯ - self is connected with others▯ - what are the characteristics of independent self? interdependent self?▯ - behaviour
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