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12. Group Behaviour (Feb 25).pdf

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PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

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PSYC*2310▯ Tuesday, February 25, 2014▯ Group Behaviour▯ Chapter 9▯ ▯ What is a Group?▯ - “ a group exists when two or more people define themselves as members of it and when its existence is recognized by at least one other” (Brown, 2000; p. 3)▯ ▯ Group Elements▯ - some central elements in conceptualization of a group:▯ - common goal ▯ - social structure (role of the members of the group)▯ - face to face (or some form of) interaction▯ - self-categorization▯ ▯ Basic Group Processes▯ - individualist (example: Allport, 1962)▯ - there is nothing more to a group than the people who comprise it▯ - collectivistic (example: Sherif, 1936)▯ - there is something more to a group than just the people who comprise it▯ - when people are in a group, they behave differently than they would individually▯ ▯ Group Structure▯ - norms▯ - norms are ways of specifying what are acceptable (or unacceptable) attitudes and behaviours of group members (spoken/unspoken, understood)▯ - deviance from norms is punished ▯ - central versus general norms▯ - general: can deviate to some extent, higher tolerance for deviation▯ - central: little tolerance for deviation▯ ▯ Functions of Norm▯ - for individuals: norms are frame of reference to interpret the world, provides predictability, and useful in novel situations▯ - reduces uncertainty and anxiety▯ - for groups: norms serve as social regulation that helps the group run smoothly and enhance group identity▯ ▯ Group Socialization▯ - three processes of group socialization (Levine and Moreland, 1985)▯ - evaluation▯ - how you evaluate the group, how the group evaluates you▯ - commitment ▯ - - how much you are committed to group/group committed to you▯ -ole transition▯ the role you have in the group▯ ▯ Individual-Group Relation▯ - group socialization have some assumptions:▯ - group exists over time and individuals move into or out of groups (example: univer
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