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PSYC 2310 (454)
Saba Safdar (379)

Social psyc Crowd Behaviour

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PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

Crowd Behaviour The history of crowd - Gustav Le Bon (1986) - Suggested that in crowds people submerge in a very primitive mind - People become mad Group mind in crowds - Le Bon described three characteristics of crowds: 1. Anonymity 2. Suggestibility – respond to cues available in environment - consistent with Freudian perspective 3. Contagion – when an idea develops in a crowd, it spreads quickly - referred to this as mental unity - Le Bon described crowds as sources of power as well - needs to be controlled Alternative View - Allport (1924) was highly critical of Le Bon and argued: - “The individual in the crowd behaves just as he would behave alone only more so” - He was also dismissive of crowds - In his view, mad people joined crowds, crowds didn’t make people mad - Argues that if you’re an aggressive person who seeks conflict, you’ll join a crowd - Allport suggested that in crowd people reveal their true nature People in group - Social facilitation - Groups facilitate certain behaviours - Social loafing - Diminishing one’s social responsibility - Deindividuation refers to loss of sense of individual responsibility and reduction of inhibition due to joining a group - Zimbardo’s Prison study (1972) Deindividuation - 2 of the conditions that lead to deindividuation are: 1. Group size 2. Anonymity Group Size - As the size of the group increase, deindividuation increases, leading to a higher probability of violence in the group - Zimbardo’s car experiment (1970) - Bought 2 cars, removed license plates - Placed one in New York City, and one outside of Standford Uni - The car in New Yor
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