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Social Psyc Violence in a Cultural Context

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

Social Psyc Lec 10 Violence in a Cultural Context - Japan, China, Canada = low in violence - El Salvador, Swaziland, Cambodia = high in violence Frequency of violence - Statistics on murder rates according to Interpol (International Police agency for years 1999-2001): - Norway .9 per 100,000 - Canada 1.8 per 100,000 - USA 5.6 per 100,000 - Russia 22.0 per 100,000 - South Africa 55.9 per 100,000 - New Guinea 683 per 100,000 Types of Violence - Types of violence differ across culture: - USA: gun related violence and it tends to involve individuals rather than groups - Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe, and parts of South America: groups attack in political, ethical, tribal conflict form - Europe: violent mobs during football - A phenomenon referred to as football hooliganism Nonviolent Societies - Balinese (Indonesian island of Bali) - peacefulness & friendliness highly valued - Inuit (Arctic regions) - peaceful, anger perceived to be very negative - Tibetan Buddhist society in northern India - Zapotec (Native American society in Southern Mexico) Ecology & Aggressive Behaviour - Truks live in Pacific island - Men are violent, compete with one another in physical contests, and are protective of women - fish in the open sea - Tahitians live in Pacific island - Men are peaceful and cooperative and don’t overprotect their women - fish in lagoons Subjective Cultures - Simbu of New Guinea (Brown, 1986) - Positive attitudes about aggression - High status is associated with being male, violent, competitive and loyal to the men’s group - Semai in Malaysia (Robarchek, 1986) - Negative attitudes toward aggression - Nurturance is valued and being alone is dangerous Subcult
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