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University of Guelph
PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

November 6 2012 Altruistic Helping  According to empathy-altruism hypothesis people are not primarily selfish, at least not always!  Selflessness, you get no benefit from helping  Is it altruisum? o 1. Mary, an attorney, stops to aid the victim of an automobile accident  Not altruistic – because reciprocation, the attorney hopes they bring them business o 2. Simon attempts to save his three year old from drowning  It’s kin selection, pro social behaviour  Not o 3. Bob, a university student, spends three hours per week as a Big Brother to an eight year old boy whose father has died  Volunteer because you put that on a resume, it looks good  Enhances mood  Not  Could be altruistic if we knew the motivation for the person o 4. Jill, a university student, gives a pint of blood in exchange for $7.50  For a reward o 5. Believing that those who give shall receive great blessing in return, ali contributes their family’s monthly pay check to their church fund drive  Reciprocation, egotism o 6. Newsha anonymously donates $500 to a local charity  Arguable because it makes you feel better o 7. Someone agrees to donate her eyes for transplant in the event of her death  Egoistic  You need to know about the person more  There are people who argue that there are no altruistic behaviours Helping Strangers  Cross cultural differences in helping strangers o Large cities in 23 countries o Three conditions of helping were:  Dropped pen - experimenter (always male) walks toward the pedestrian, accidentally drops a pen and continues walking  Hurt leg – experimenter walking with a leg brace, carrying bunch of magazines, he drops them all and struggles to pick them up in front of others  Helping a blind person across the street - experimenter wearing large black glasses, trying to cross a busy pedestrian. He stands there when it says walk and sees how many people actually help him across o Most helpful : (in order)  Brazil  Costa rica  Malawi  India  Austria – individualistic  Spain  Denmark - individualistic  China  Mexico  El Salvador o Concept in Spanish culture as simpatico, about friendship and helping others and being agreeable o High in simpatico – likely to provide help o Collectivism doesn’t work because it’s about in group versus out group, they only help people of their in group usually o Least Helpful  Malaysia  New York  Singapore  Netherlands  Bulgaria  Economically advanced o Based on two factors  Gross national production – the richer the country, the less helpful they are  Time is money, there are demands on your time  Simpatico Inter Group Behaviour Definition  Whenever individuals belonging to one group interact, collectively or individually, with another group or its members
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