Class Notes (835,539)
Canada (509,225)
Psychology (3,977)
PSYC 2310 (454)
Saba Safdar (379)

nov 15.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

Stereotypes – November 15, 2012 Chapter 5&11 Well Known Stereotypes  Why are stereotypes objectionable? o 1. The implicit ethnocentrism  “Americans are ignorant” we are implying that we are smart and know about other places but they don’t know us o 2. The implication that perceived differences are inborn and unalterable Stereotype  Lippman, a political journalist, described stereotype as the pictures in our heads o Came from the printing industry in the way of creating a image from something o He refered to the construct of individual group members that we create in our head How Do Stereotypes Form?  Social categorization – base factor o Grouping people on the basis of gender, ethnicity, and other attributes. o Consequences of categorical thinking is:  Ingroup favouritism  Outgroup homogeneity Social Identity Theory  Social identity is part of an individual’s self concept that is based on the knowledge of one’s group membership and the value and emotional significance attached to that membership  Assumptions of social identity theory: o People categorize the social world into ingroups and outgroups o Part of our self concept is defined in terms of group affiliation o People strive for a positive self concept o People prefer to view members of ingroup positively rather than negatively  Increasing our own self esteem by giving positive evaluation to our own ingroup because it reflects on us. Is Stereotype Inevitable?  Stereotype is an automatic process o Subliminal presentation (Devine, 1989)  Participants came to the lab and were shown images on a screen  Presented so quickly, they could not read the words  Words – ghetto, basketball, welfare, unemployed  They were trying to evoke the stereotype against black Africans  Later shown a image of a black person doing an activity  More likely to say that the actions in the picture were more aggressive if shown those words o Mostly studies focused on white and black African categories o Cultural phenomenon  Controlling automatic activation o Hard to control something you are not aware you are doing o Motivation and devoting cognitive resources could lead to suppression of stereotypes o Bodenhausen’s (1990) experiment  Used peoples 24 hour cycle – Circadian Rhythms  More likely to engage in stereotypes when not at their highest most attentive time of day  Laziness, lean back and crutch on stereotypes Legitimating Beliefs  Stereotypes are often used to justify the in-group’s behaviour towards the out group because: o Stereotypes serve as a way of reflecting social reality o Stereotypes serve as a way of perpetuating of the existing intergroup relationships Expectancies  Holding stereotypes create tendencies to confirm our biases and overlook inconsistent information  Law professor – Columb
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2310

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.