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Principles of Learning Lecture 1.docx

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PSYC 2330
Francesco Leri

th Tuesday, September 11 2012 Principles of Learning Lecture One Goal directed behaviours: - Behaviour refers to a set of responses of an organism usually in relation to environmental stimuli (goals) - Some behaviours are more instinctual (genetically programed) and some are learned (adapted to the environment, flexible and open to modification) - Usually behaviours are a combination of the two Instinct Theories - Instincts are motivators of behaviour - They are impulses coming from within the organism - Initiates behaviour (makes you perform something) - If you have the energy within you and are given a certain stimuli you will respond - You can use cues from the environment to interpret what you’re feeling Ethology: - Instincts are behaviours - They exist because they have, or have had survival value - Controlled by genes, therefore not learned - Instinctive behaviour differ in terms of degree of sensitivity changes in the environment - Behaviour is divided into two components: - 1. Appetitive: searching behaviours that are flexible, adapted to the environment and are subject to modification through learning (ex. Hunting behaviour. The animal does these
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