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Lecture 18

PSYC 2330 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Overlearning, Motivation, Contingency Management


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2330
Professor
Francesco Leri
Lecture
18

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Extinction
Removal of a stimulus that was used to promote and maintain
behavior
Paradoxal Reward Effect: Explanation
Frustration Reaction (RF) Abram Amsel
1. Can energize behavior
R=reaction/response, F=frustration
Rat gets frustrated reinforer is not in goal box 1- more frustrated while runs into goal box 2-
you are reinforcing frustration.
Partial reinforcement extinction effect
on non-reinforced trials, the animals experience some frustration (RF) which has stimulus
effect (SF). SF is eventually reinforced. Therefore the animal is reinforced for responding
during the experience of frustration.
Frustration becomes a stimulus- makes you run faster
2. Demotivate, and elicits competing behaviours
Magnitude of reinforcement extinction effect:
Behavior reinforced by large rewards extinguishes faster
Overlearning extinction effect:
Behavior extensively reinforced can extinguish faster
A lot of frustration b/c frustration has been reinforced a lot
Behavioural Modification
Application of principles of reinforcement to practical problems of human behavior
R1- bring teacher that sits next to kid, if studying teacher says good job(no punishment if not studying)
R2- reverse to punishment (back to poor studying habits)
R3- got back to CR, good behavior
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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