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Lecture 10

Principles of Learning Lecture 10.doc

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PSYC 2330

Principles of Learning – Lecture 10 Sometimes Opponent Process (SOP) theory – Allan Wagner The CR will mimic the UR if the UR is monophasic – one direction (no b-process)  e.g. blinking The CR will be opposide to the UR if the UR is biphasic (b-process)  2 phases; one up, one down (or vice versa)  If you try to condition the response, you will be more likely to see B as the conditioned response. Conditioning in Humans Can conditioning occur without awareness? 1. Automatic associative system 2. Cognitive system If the cognitive system could be eliminated, the automatic system will be unmasked & humans would be “very much like rats”  Extinction of eye blink conditioning Drug Addiction & Conditioning A. Direct conditioning B. Homeostatic conditioning Direct Conditioning 1. Conditioning a-process Drug-like responses = similar to acutes effects 2. Conditioning of b-process Drug-opposite responses = similar to withdrawl  Present CS during a-process = a-like response (same with b-process) Dr. Spragg in Chimpanzees Drug-like conditioned responses - conditioned place preference - “Needle Freaks”: individuals who inject will sometimes even inject themselves with water just to perform the actions associated with doing the dru
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