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Attachment and Developmental Psychology.docx

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PSYC 2410
Dan Meegan

Attachment and Developmental Psychology October-28-13 3:07 AM Developmental Psychology: Examines physical, cognitive, and social development across the life span, focussing on : Nature vs. Nurture: How our genetic inheritance interacts with our experiences to influence development Continuity and Stages: What parts of our development are gradual and which change abruptly in separate stages Stability and Change: How we change as we age and which of our traits remain Continuity and Stages: Piaget's stages of cognitive development: Sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational, formal operational Erik Erikson's stages of psychosocial development: Basic trust, autonomy, initiative, competence, identity, intimacy, generativity, integrity Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development: Preconventional morality, conventional morality, post conventional morality. Stability and Change: -Temperament is a very stable characteristic. -Traits, such as social attitude, are much less stable then traits such as temperament. -Everyone changes with age, with some changes occurring without changing a person's position relative to others of the same age. Prenatal Development:  Zygotes: Fertilized Eggs  Embryo: Inner cells of zygote once zygote attached to uterine walls  Placenta: Outer cells of zygote and becomes link to transfer nutrients and oxygen to embryo  Fetus: Nine week after conception, embryo becomes fetus During the sixth month, organs begin to develop that would allow a fetus chance to survive if prematurely born. -Learning of language begins in the womb  Teratogens: Substances such as Virus and drug agents that can damage the fetus.  Fetal alcohol syndrome: Small, disproportioned head and lifelong brain abnormalities. This occurs because alcohol has an epigenetic effect which is the chemical mark on DNA that can switch genes abnormally off and on. The Newborn -Newborns have automatic reflex responses  Habituation: A decrease in responding with repeated stimulation as it becomes normal. Within days after birth, a babies neural network is stamped with their mother's scent. Cognitive Development:  Cognition: All mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering and communicating.  Piaget's Core Idea: Drive behind intellectual progression is the struggle to make sense of experiences. Maturing brain builds schemes (concept or framework to organize and interpr
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