Historical Emotion Theories:
Emotions are mix of bodily arousal (physiological response), expressive
behaviours and conscious experience.
James-Lange: Physiological arousal before emotions.
Cannon-Band: Bodily arousal(response) and emotions occur
separately, but at the same time to an emotion arousing stimulus.
Schechter and Singer: Two-factor theory that emotions involve
physical arousal and cognitive appraisal.
1)Different emotions can have similar arousal properties.
2)Cognitive appraisal then determines which emotion is attributed to
Feelings depend on thoughts
Zajone and LeDoux:
High Road: Emotions travel to thalamus then frontal cortex for cognitive
appraisal before the command for an emotion is sent out (hatred, love).
Low Road: Emotional response we are unaware of (liking or disliking of
people immediately, fear response).
Amygdala sends fear response immediately to body through limbic
system without cognitive processing
Lazarus, Schechter and Singer:
Many researchers today contend that emotional responses do not