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Lecture 1

PSYC 2410 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Behavioral Neuroscience, Electroencephalography, Hunnan District


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2410
Professor
Elena Choleris
Lecture
1

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BIOPSYCHOLOGY-INTRO
The Scientific Study of the Biology of Behaviour (Dewsbury, 1991)
A Biological Approach to the Study of Behaviour
Psychobiology
Behavioural Biology
Behavioural Neuroscience
Neuroscience: the scientific study of the nervous
Psychology: the scientific study of behaviour
Research in Biopsychology…
Pure/Basic research: motivated mainly by the desire to find out how things work –
building blocks of knowledge
Applied research: tries to answer a specific problem with direct benefit to humans. Uses
the building blocks provided by pure research
Studies of Biopsychology proceed along two lines of Research:
Animal Studies
Human Studies
Species differences are more Quantitative than Qualitative
Advantages of animal studies???
Animal Studies
1. Comparative method
2. Simpler brains, more direct analysis  brain-behavioural relationships
3. Fewer ethical restrictions
4. Need for validation
Human Studies
1. Humans can follow instructions
2. …can report subjective experiences
3. …are cheaper than animals
4. Greater ethical constraints
Research Method in Biopsychology
Experimental Method
Non-Experimental
Quasiexperimental Methods
Case Studies
Experimental Method
A researcher manipulates a variable (anything that can vary) under highly controlled
conditions to see if this produces (causes) any changes in a second variable.
Between Subjects Design: different groups are tested under different conditions
Within Subjects Design: the same subject is tested under multiple conditions
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